重庆市巴蜀中学2014届高三第一次月考英语试题(word版)

巴蜀中学高2014级2013-2014学年度第一次学月考试

命题人:范晓东

I卷:共85分

一、英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项的标号

涂黑。

1.Charles Dickens described __________ life in the middle of the 19th century, __________ period that is now

called Victorian.

A. /; a

B. the; a

C. /; the

D. a; /

2.When they had cleaned their bowls in this way, they would sit __________ at the pot with eager eyes, as if

they wanted to eat it.

A. stared

B. staring

C. to stare

D. stares

3.No sooner __________ these words than the warden hit him on the head with the soup spoon.

A. did he say

B. has he said

C. had he said

D. does he say

4.Timmy was only 11 years old, but he is already 1.7 meters tall. He is too tall __________ his age, I think.

A. at

B. in

C. about

D. for

5.The next morning a notice was put up on the door of the workhouse, offering a reward to __________ would

employ Oliver Twist.

A. whoever

B. no matter who

C. whomever

D. who

6.The American people will never forget the 9.11 event and the psychological trauma __________ caused to

hundreds of thousands of common households.

A. that

B. it

C. which

D. what

7.--- Where did you spot the murderer?

--- It was in the cinema __________ we watched Transformers that I saw him. I can’t remember when.

A. that

B. when

C. where

D. on which

8.--- Could you get these materials photocopied please?

--- __________. I’ll bring them to you tomorrow.

A. Out of the question

B. My pleasure

C. No way

D. Consider it done

9.--- I’m sorry I ________ make it yesterday. I ________, but I was really busy.

--- That’s fine. I know you are usually busy at this time of year.

A. couldn’t, intended to have come

B. didn’t, intended to have come

C. couldn’t, intended to come

D. didn’t, intended to come

10.--- Nancy, can I take a look at the note you took for last period, please?

--- I’m sorry, I __________ something else then. I’ll make it up right away.

A. did

B. was doing

C. had done

D. have done

11.--- How come you know the accident so well?

--- Well, because I was on the __________.

A. sight

B. view

C. scene

D. place

12.I wonder when it was __________ you came to realize __________ he said meant.

A. that; what

B. what; that

C. what; what that

D. that; what what

13.--- Ouch! You stepped on my toe!

--- I’m sorry, I didn’t __________.

A. mean to

B. mean to do

C. mean to have

D. mean to step

14.Jim, I am sure __________ we met, we were at a rock concert, and since then we’ve known each other.

A. for the first time

B. the first time

C. at the first time

D. at the time

15.When it comes to the human tendency to use the right hand much more often than the left hand, we seem to

have __________ it from our animal ancestors, namely monkeys and chimpanzees.

A. succeeded

B. acquired

C. inherited

D. attained

第二节完形填空(共A, B两节,20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

请阅读下面两篇短文,掌握其大意,然后从41~60各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和D)中,

选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项的标号涂黑。

A

“Why do we shout in anger?” a saint (圣人) asked his disciples (门徒). “Why do people shout at each other when they are upset?”

His disciples thought for a while, and one of them said, “Because we 16 our calm, we shout

for that.”

“But, why do you shout when the other person is 17 next to you?” asked the saint. “Isn’t it possible to speak to him or her with a soft 18 ? Why do you shout at a person when you’re angry?”

Disciples gave some other answers but none 19 the saint. Finally he explained, “When two people are angry at each other, their 20 distance a lot. To cover that distance they must shout to be

able to hear each other. The angrier they are, the 21 they will have to shout to hear each other through that great distance.”

Then the saint asked, “What 22 when two people fall in love? They don’t shout at each other

but talk softly, why? Because their hearts are very close and the distance between them is very 23 .”

The saint continued, “When they love each other even more, what happens? They do not speak loudly,

only whisper and they get 24 closer to each other in their love. Finally they even need not whisper,

they only 25 each other and that’s all. That is how close two people are when they love each other.”

The saint said finally, “When you argue, do not let your hearts get 26 , and do not say words

that distance each other more, or there will come a day when the distance is so great that you will not

27 the path to return!”

16. A. miss B. lose C. avoid D. refuse

17. A. already B. yet C. just D. well

18. A. voice B. sound C. attitude D. manner

19. A. excited B. satisfied C. surprised D. persuaded

20. A. heads B. brains C. backs D. hearts

21. A. faster B. slower C. louder D. earlier

22. A. happens B. matters C. decides D. concerns

23. A. short B. long C. easy D. hard

24. A. never B. ever C. too D. even

25. A. look at B. take over C. turn away D. rely on

26. A. empty B. distant C. cold D. lonely

27. A. build B. repair C. follow D. find

B

In all one’s lifetime, it is 28 that one spends the most time being with or dealing with, but it is

precisely oneself that one has the least 29 of. When you are going upwards in life, you tend to overestimate yourself; when you are going downhill you tend to underestimate yourself. It's 30 that you

think it wise for yourself to know your place and stay away from worldly trouble wearing a mask of cowardice, behind 31 the flow of sap in your life will be retarded (妨碍).

To get a thorough understanding of oneself 32 doing oneself a favor when it's needed. In time of anger, do yourself a favor by giving vent (发泄) to it in a quiet place so that you won't be hurt by its flames;

in time of 33 , do yourself a favor by sharing it with your friends so as to change a gloomy mood into a cheerful one; in time of tiredness, do yourself a favor by getting a good sleep or taking some tonic. Show yourself loving 34 about your health and daily life. Unless you know perfectly well when and how to do yourself a favor, you won't be confident and ready enough to resist the attack of illness.

To get a thorough understanding of oneself is to get a full control of ones life. Then one will 35

one's life full of color and flavor.

28. A. oneself B. yourself C. one D. you

29. A. awareness B. understanding C. sense D. mind

30. A. perhaps B. certain C. likely D. sure

31. A. it B. what C. that D. which

32. A. requires B. demands C. asks D. requests

33. A. happiness B. sadness C. illness D. danger

34. A. respect B. anxiety C. concern D. attendance

35. A. attain B. feel C. acquire D. find

二、阅读理解(共20小题; 每小题2分,满分40分)

请阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上

将该选项的标号涂黑。

A

The Healthy Habits Survey (调查) shows that only about one third of American seniors have correct habits. Here are some findings and expert advice.

1. How many times did you brush your teeth yesterday?

Finding: A full 33% of seniors brush their teeth only once a day.

Step: Remove the 300 types of bacteria in your mouth each morning with a battery-operated toothbrush. Brush gently for 2 minutes, at least twice a day.

2. How many times did you wash your hands or bathe yesterday?

Finding: Seniors, on average, bathe fewer than 3 days a week. And nearly 30%wash their hands only 4 times a day-half of the number doctors recommend.

Step: We touch our faces around 3,000 times a day-often inviting germs (病菌) to enter our mouth, nose, and eyes. Use toilet paper to avoid touching the door handle. And, most important, wash your hands often with hot running water and soap for 20 seconds.

3. How often do you think about fighting germs?

Finding: Seniors are not fighting germs as well as they should.

Step: Be aware of germs. Do you know it is not your toilet but your kitchen sponge (海绵) that can carry more germs than anything else? To kill these germs, keep your sponge in the microwave for 10 seconds.

36.What is found out about American seniors?

A. Most of them have good habits.

B. Nearly 30%of them bathe three days a week.

C. All of them are fighting germs better than expected.

D. About one third of them brush their teeth only once a day

37.Doctors suggest that people should wash their hands .

A. twice a day

B. three times a day

C. four times a day

D. eight times a day

38.Which of the following is true according to the text?

A. We should keep from touching our faces.

B. There are less than 300 types of bacteria in the mouth.

C. A kitchen sponge can carry more germs than a toilet.

D. We should wash our hands before touching a door handle.

39.The text probably comes from .

A. a guide book

B. a popular magazine

C. a book review

D. an official document

B

In 1947 a group of famous people from the art world headed by an Austrian conductor decided to hold an interactional festival of music, dance and theatre in Edinburgh. The idea was to reunite Europe after the Second World War.

At the same time, the “Fringe” appeared as a challenge to the official festival. Eight theatre groups turned up uninvited in 1947, in the belief that everyone should have the right to perform, and they did so in a public house disused for years.

Soon, groups of students firstly from Edinburgh University, and later from the universities of Oxford and Cambridge, Durham and Birmingham were making the journey to the Scottish capital each summer to perform theatre by little-known writers of plays in small church halls to the people of Edinburgh.

Today the “Fringe”, once less recognized, has far outgrown the festival with around 1,500 performances of theatre, music and dance on every one of the 21 days it lasts. And yet as early as 1959, with only 19 theatre groups performing, some said it was getting too big.

A paid administrator was first employed only in 1971, and today there are eight administrators working all year round and the number rises to 150 during August itself. In 2004 there were 200 places housing 1,695 shows by over 600 different groups from 50 different countries. More than 1.25 million tickets were sold.

40.What was the purpose of Edinburgh Festival at the beginning?

A. To bring Europe together again.

B. To honor heroes of World War 11.

C. To introduce young theatre groups.

D. To attract great artists from Europe.

41.Why did some uninvited theatre groups come to Edinburgh in 1947?

A. They owned a public house there.

B. They came to take up a challenge.

C. They thought they were also famous.

D. They wanted to take part in the festival.

42.Who joined the "Fringe" after it appeared?

A. they owned a public house there

B. University students.

C. Artists from around the world.

D. Performers of music and dance.

43.We may learn from the text that Edinburgh Festival __________.

A. has become a non-official event

B. has gone beyond an art festival

C. gives shows all year round

D. keeps growing rapidly

C

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44.Which hotel gives a promise?

A. Baymont Inn Ft. Lauderdale.

B. Beach Plaza Hotel.

C. Baymont Inn Hotel.

D. Fort Lauderdale Plaza Hotel.

45.In which hotel parking is the cheapest?

A. Baymont Inn Ft. Lauderdale.

B. Beach Plaza Hotel.

C. Baymont Inn Hotel.

D. Fort Lauderdale Plaza Hotel.

46.If you ______ , you will probably go to Beach Plaza Hotel.

A. enjoy seeing films without leaving your hotel room

B. are fond of swimming in heated water

C. want to eat food cooked by yourself in the hotel

D. are a cigarette smoker

47.Which of the following is NOT true to the ads?

A. All of the three hotels provide television with cable.

B. You can keep your money in the room safe in Fort Lauderdale Plaza Hotel.

C. In Beach Plaza Hotel a 24-hour maid is available.

D. While staying in Fort Lauderdale Plaza Hotel, you can surf the Internet

D

People who multitask all the time may be the worst at doing two things at once, a new research suggests. The findings, based on performances and self-evaluation by about 275 college students, indicate that many people multitask not out of a desire to increase productivity, but because they are easily distracted and can’t focus on one activity. And “those people turn out to be the worst at handling different things,” said David Sanbonmatsu, a psychologist at the University of Utah.

Sanbonmatsu and his colleagues gave the students a set of tests and asked them to report how often they multitasked, how good they thought they were at it, and how sensation-seeking (寻求刺激) or imperative (冲动) they were. They then evaluated the participants’ multitasking ability with a tricky mental task that required the students to do simple mathematical calculations while remembering a set of letters.

Not surprisingly, the scientists said, most people thought they were better than average at multitasking, and those who thought they were better at it were more likely to report using a cellphone while driving or viewing multiple kinds of media at once. But those who frequently deal with many things at the same time were found to perform the worst at the actual multitasking test. They also were more likely to admit to sensation-seeking and impulsive behavior, which connects with how easily people get bored and distracted.

“People multitask not because it’s going to lead to greater productivity, but because they’re distractible, and they get sucked into things that are not as import ant.” Sanbonmatsu said.

Adam Gazzaley, a researcher at the University of California, San Francisco, who was not a member of the research group, said one limitation of the study was that it couldn’t find out whether people who start out less focused tend to ward multitasking or whether people’s recognizing and understanding abilities change as a result of multitasking.

The findings do suggest, however, why the sensation-seeker who multitask the most may enjoy risky distracted driving. “People who are multitasking are generally less sensitive to risky situations.” said Paul Atchley, another researcher not in the group. “This may partly explain why people go in for these situations even though they’re dangerous.”

48.The research led by Sanbonmatsu indicates that people who multitask __________.

A. seek high productivity constantly

B. prefer handling different things when getting bored

C. are more focused when doing many things at a time

D. have the poorest results in doing various things at the same time

49.When Sanbonmatsu and his colleagues conducted their research, they __________.

A. assessed the multitasking ability of the students

B. evaluated the academic achievements of the students

C. analyzed the effects of the participants’ tricky mental tasks

D. measured th e changes of the students’ understanding ability

50.According to Sanbonmatsu, people multitask because of their __________.

A. limited power in calculation

B. interests in doing things differently

C. inability to concentrate on one task

D. impulsive desire to try new things

51.From the last paragraph, we can learn that multitaskers usually __________.

A. drive very skillfully

B. go in for different tasks

C. fail to react quickly to potential dangers

D. refuse to explain the reasons for their behavior

E

Kodak’s decision to file for bankruptcy (破产) protection is a sad, though not unexpected, turning point for a leading American corporation that pioneered consumer photography and dominated the film market for decades, but ultimately failed to adapt to the digital revolution.

Although many attribute Kodak’s downfall to “complacency (自满) ,” that explanation doesn’t acknow ledge the lengths to which the company went to reinvent itself. Decades ago, Kodak predicted that digital photography would overtake film (胶片) — and in fact, Kodak invented the first digital camera in 1975 — but in a fateful decision, the company chose to shelf its new discovery to focus on its traditional film business.

“It wasn’t that Kodak was blind to the future”, said Rebecca Henderson, a professor at Harvard Business School, but rather that it failed to execute on a strategy to confront it. By the time the company realized its mistake, it was too late.

Kodak is an example of a firm that was very much aware that they had to adapt, and spent a lot of money trying to do so, but ultimately failed. Large companies have a difficult time switching into new markets because there is a temptation to put existing assets (资产) into the new businesses.

Although Kodak predicted the unavoidable rise of digital photography, its corporate (企业的) culture was too rooted in the successes of the past for it to make the clean break necessary to fully embrace the future. They were a company stuck in time. Their history was so important to them. Now their history has become a liability.

Kodak’s downfall over the last several decades was dramatic. In 1976, the company commanded 90% of the market for photographic film and 85% of the market for cameras. But the 1980s brought new competition from Japanese film company Fuji Photo, which undermined Kodak by offering lower prices for film and photo supplies. Kodak’s decision not to pursue the role of official film for the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics was a major miscalculation. The bid went instead to Fuji, which exploited its sponsorship to win a permanent foothold in the marketplace.

52.What do we learn about Kodak?

A. It went bankrupt all of a sudden.

B. It is approaching its downfall.

C. It initiated the digital revolution in the film industry.

D. It is playing a dominant role in the film market.

53.Why does the author mention Kodak’s invention of the first digital camera?

A. To show its early attempt to reinvent itself.

B. To show its effort to overcome complacency.

C. To show its quick adaptation to the digital revolution.

D. To show its will to compete with Japan’s Fuji photo.

54.Why do large companies have difficulty switching to new markets?

A. They find it costly to give up their existing assets.

B. They tend to be slow in confronting new challenges.

C. They are unwilling to invest in new technology.

D. They are deeply stuck in their glorious past.

55.What does the author say Kodak’s history has become?

A. A burden.

B. A mirror.

C. A joke.

D. A challenge.

II 卷:35分

四、书面表达(共两个任务,满分35分)

写作一(满分1 5分)请结合材料,按要求用英文写作。

No pains, no gains. With every effort made, a person always harvests what he has planted.

要求:

(1)就此材料发表你的感想;

(2)应紧扣材料,结合实际,有明确的观点;

(3)词数不少于60。

___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________

写作二(满分20分)

一个英文网站面向中学生征稿。请你写一篇英语稿件,介绍中国“春节”及这个节日的主要活动。写作要点:

1、它是中国的传统节日之一,是家人团聚的时候;

2、各家走亲访友,一起吃年夜饭;

3、大人给小孩压岁钱,燃放烟花爆竹。

注意:1、词数不少于80;

2、适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3、不必按照中文提示顺序来写,避免逐字翻译;

4、文章开头已为你写好,不计入总词数。

The Chinese Spring Festival

The Chinese Spring Festival falls on the 1st day of the first month of the Chinese lunar calendar. ______________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________

高2014级2013-2014学年度上学期第一次学月考试题答案

I.单项选择

01-05: ABCDA 06-10: BCDAB 11-15: CDABC

II.完型填空

16-20: BCABD 21-25: CAADA 26-30: BDABC 31-35: DABCD

III.阅读理解

A篇: DDCB

B篇: ADBD

C篇: AACC

D篇: DACC

E篇: BADA

IV.书面表达

(1) No gains can be achieved in the absence of pains, as is dramatically illustrated in the material above. Every effort we make will pay off some day, allowing us to reap the harvest expected.

It is especially true in our study. Once I failed in the mid-term exam, for the reason that I had been addicted to computer games and had never spared any time to make necessary preparations. After that, I adopted the resolution that I would tear myself away from games and concentrate on what I was supposed to do. I succeeded in the final exam, ranking 3 in the class. Why I could return to the top list best explains the undying truth of no pains, no gains.

(2) Being one of the traditional festivals in China, it is a time for family reunion, as many overseas friends have known. During this time, anyone who works away from their hometown will find his way back.

One day before the festival, like Christmas Eve, we Chinese celebrate the New Year’s Eve, when we visit relatives and friends, and we always have a feast to celebrate the completion of the previous year and the arrival of a new year. Children are always excited, because they always receive the “Red Envelope” containing pocket money from their aunts and uncles. When the clock strikes 12, the sky will be full of fireworks and the air laden with the smell of hope. Everyone, with a look of promise and prospect, shouts with delight and joy, “A new year has come!”

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