福师1203考试批次《大学英语(2)》复习题及参考答案

一、阅读:30%

( 1 )

Weddings ceremonies in the United States vary as much as the people do. But many weddings, no matter where or how they are performed, include certain traditional customs. For instance, the bride and groom often exchange rings at the ceremony. The rings are usually worn on the fourth finger of the left hand, and are exchanged in the middle of the ceremony. Today, the ring shows the couple’s love for one another.

1. According to the passage, __ A ___________.

A. American wedding ceremonies are somewhat traditional

2. According to the passage, what does the sentence “no matter where or how they are performed” (Para. 1) really mean? C

C. The wedding ceremonies may be held in different ways and places.

3. The word “showered” (in Para. 2) probably means __B_____.

B. scattered

4. From the passage, we can safely conclude that __A____.

A. American couples hold traditional wedding ceremonies.

5. Which of the following is the best title for this passage? A

A. Weddings in North America

(2)

The fridge is considered a necessity. It has been so since the 1960s when packaged food first appeared with the label: "store in the refrigerator".

6. The statement “In my fridgeless Fifties childhood, I was fed well and healthily.” (Para. 2) suggest that____ C ________ .

C. there was no fridge in the author's home in the 1950s

7. Why does the author say that nothing was wasted before the invention of fridges? D

D. People had effective ways to preserve their food.

8. Who benefited the least from fridges according to the author? B

B. Consumers.

9. Which of the following phrases in Para.5 indicates the fridge's negative effect on the environment? A

A. "Hum away continuously".

10. What is the author's overall attitude toward fridges? B

B. Critical.

(3)

Not so long ago almost any student who successfully completes a university degree or diploma course could find a good career quite easily. However, those days are gone, even in Hong Kong, and nowadays graduates often face strong competition in the search for jobs.

11. In Para.1, the sentence "... those days are gone, even in Hong Kong ..." suggest that____ A _______.

A. in the past, finding a good career was easier in Hong Kong than elsewhere

12. The word "relative" in Para. 2 could best be replaced by "____B________".

B. comparative

13. The advice given in the first sentence of Para.3 is to____B________.

B. examine the careers available and how these will be affected in the future

14. The word "prospective" in Para. 5 is closest in meaning to "__C__________".

C. future

15. In Para.5, the writer seems to suggest that______C______.

C. it is better for interviewees to be honest than to pretend to understand

( 1 )

Dream is a story that a person “watches” or even takes p art in during sleep. Dream events are imaginary, but they are related to real experiences and needs in the dreamer’s life. They seem real while they are taking place. Some dreams are pleasant, others are annoying, and still others are frightening.

1. This passage is mainly about ___ C______.

C. what dreams are

2. According to the passage, dreams result from __ D ____.

D. the sleeper’s own mind

3. Which of the following is NOT true? D

D. Dream involves events that always happen in real life.

4. This passage suggests that psychiatrists are ___C______.

C. studying the benefits of dreams

5. We may infer from the passage that dreaming ___A____.

A. is beneficial to people

(2)

For any Englishman, there can never be any discussion as to who is the world's greatest dramatist (剧作家). Only one name can possibly suggest itself to him: that of William Shakespeare. Every Englishman has some knowledge, however slight, of the work of our greatest writer. All of us use words, phrases and quotations from Shakespeare's writings that have become part of the common property of the English-speaking people. Most of the time we are probably unaware of the source of the words we used, rather like the old lady who was taken to see a performance of Hamlet and complained that it was full of well-known proverbs and quotations.

6. English people ___ C ____.

C. are sure who is the world's greatest dramatist

7. Every Englishman knows __A_____.

A. mote or less about Shakespeare

8. Which of the following is true? C

C. It is likely to be true that people often do not know the origins of the words they use.

9. What does the word "proverb" mean? A

A. Familiar sayings.

10. Why is it worthwhile to study the various ways in which Shakespeare used English? B

B. By doing so one can be fully aware of the richness of the English language.

(3)

Although America is such a huge country, traveling is really very quick and easy. There are three ways to get across the country without a car:planes, trains and buses. Air travel is the most expensive of the three but in many ways the easiest and most comfortable. There are hundreds of flights a day crossing the country, and it is easy to make a reservation(预订). Traveling by train is cheaper than by airplane. But it costs more than by bus and there are few passenger(旅客)trains. On the trains there are dining cars and bars where meals are served quickly. If you are spending the night on the train you can pay for a "roomette" which is a small room with a bed and a toilet. The most inexpensive way to travel is by bus. There are fast bus services between cities, for example, the Greyhound Bus Service. Y ou can buy special tickets that allow you unlimited travel for a certain period of time. In this way you can stop along the way to visit the places that interest you most.

11. If you want to travel easily and comfortably, you should choose to go____ B ________.

B. by plane

12. Compared with air travel, traveling by train____B________.

B. is not so easily available

13.Which of the following is the advantage of bus service? C

C. It sells special tickets that make it convenient for passengers to take.

14.The second paragraph mainly talks about_____D_______.

D. the disadvantages of traveling by train and by bus

15.Which of the following is NOT mentioned about trip by sea? D

D. Y ou should never travel in bad weather.

(1)

Ask three people to look out the same window at a busy street corner and tell you what they see. Chances are that you will receive three different answers. Each person sees the same scene, but each perceives something different about it.

1.What does the passage mainly tell us? B

B. Perceiving differs from seeing.

2.The phrase "with four children in tow" in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to "______A______".

A. with four children following closely behind her

3.According to the passage, perceiving is an action _______C_____.

C. that explains what our senses tell us

4.The psychologists are trying to draw their conclusion______D______.

D. by measuring and charting the results of many experiments

5. Which of the following statements is NOT true? C

C. No people share the same perception when they are asked to see the same scene.

(2)

The average family spends about one-sixth of its income on food. Because food is expensive, it is important to spend money wisely when you shop. Here are some hints to help you shop better.

6. The passage mainly tells us_____ D _______.

D. how to spend money wisely on food

7.The disadvantage of going shopping when one is hungry is that_____C_______.

C. one will buy more food than one can eat

8.If you are not sure which to choose because there are different brands of the same food, remember______D______.

D. that the more expensive does not necessarily do more good to health

9.When one buys fresh fruits and vegetables, all the following should be avoided EXCEPT_____A_______.

A. paying more attention to nutrition than to price

10.According to the author, vegetables and fruits that are in season_______B_____.

B. are cheap and easily available

(3)

Like many of my generation, I have a weakness for hero worship. At some point, however, we all begin to question our heroes and our need for them. This leads us to ask: What is a hero?

11.What does the first sentence "Like many of my generation, I have a weakness for hero worship." in the first paragraph mean? D

D. Many of my generation and I worship heroes.

12. Which of the following is NOT one of heroes' characteristics? C

C. Listening to the opinions of his community.

13.According to the fourth paragraph, in what sense are heroes like high-voltage C

transformers?

C. Their characteristics give ordinary people strength and confidence.

14.In which of the following aspects famous people are different from heroes? D

D. Both A and B.

15. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that________A____.

A. heroes quicken the speed of historical changes

二、语法与词汇:40%

1. He told me how he had given me shelter and food without which I__ A___ of hunger.

A. would have died

B. would die

C. would be died

D. will die

2. If only the committee_ B __ the regulations and put them into effect as soon as possible.

A. approve

B. would approve

C. can approve

D. sill approve

3. It is vital that enough money__A___ to fund the subject.

A. be collected

4. The more he tried to help her, __B_____ she seemed to appreciate it.

A. less

B. the less

C. the least

D. the lesser

5. Frank plays ___B_____ Alex.

A. a lot more better than

B. a lot better than

6. It makes no difference to me __ D ____ he will come or not.

A. how

B. why

C. when

D. whether

7. __A____is unknown to me.

A. Where he is

B. Where is he

C. He is where

D. Is he where

8. The question___D_____ finally,we went home.

A. to be settled

B. settling

C. having settled

D. settled

9. ____B____,they made their way through the street.

A. He guided With his guiding C. He is guiding D. He had guided

10. I can’t do my homework with all this noise_D_____.

A. is going on

B. to go on

C. gone on

D. going on

11. Hans has a new car. I wonder when___ A ______it.

A. he bought

12.I have not found my book yet. In fact, I'm not sure ___D_________ I could have done with it.

D. what

13.The reason I plan to go is _____B_______if I don't.

B. that she will be unhappy

14.The music was so loud. That's ____B________he left the party so early.

B. why

15.Do you know _____C_______?

C. what time the party starts

16.I didn't remember his name_____ C _______after I had greeted him.

C. until

17.The instruments of the older factory____D________.

D. are as good as or better than those of the new one

18. _____D_______he works hard, I don't mind when he finishes the experiment.

D. So long as

19.We'll visit Europe next year ____A_______we have enough money.

A. provided

20.Most of the stones are_____ D________ a man and weigh about two and a half tons each.

D. higher than

1. All things___ C _____,the planned trip will have to be called off.

C. considered

D. having considered

2. The speech__ _ D _____,a lively discussion started.

C. be delivered

D. having been delivered

3. The temperature____C____,the chemical reaction is being speeded up.

A. raised

B. being risen

C. rising

D. raising

4. The country is faced with great problems,starvation____C____ the top of them.

A. has been

B. is

C. being

D. is being

5. That tree looked as if it___B___ for a long time.

A. hasn’t watered

B. hadn’t been watered

6. The young driver looked over the engine carefully lest it___ B ___ on the way.

A. goes wrong

B. should go wrong

7. I’d rather you___D___ make any comment on the issue for the time being.

A. don’t

B. wouldn’t

C. shouldn’t

D. didn’t

8. I wish I____A__ longer this morning,but I had to get up and come to class.

A. could have slept

B. slept

9. ___B___we need more practice is quite clear.

A. What

B. That

C. Which

D. When

10. ___C___you don’t like him is none of my business.

A. What

B. Who

C. That

D. Whether

11.The country is faced with great problems, starvation_____ C _______the top of them.

C. Being

12.The soldiers jumped into the river_____A _______past their ears.

A. with bullets whistling

13.He told me the news______ D ______our team had won the game.

D. that

14.No one was aware______C______Jane had gone.

C. of where

15.I wonder how many years ago______B______.

B. your father retired

16. Mrs. Lee will move into her new house next Monday, ____ C ________it will be completely furnished.

C. by which time

17.The village_____C_______my mother grew up in is not far from the city.

C. which

18.The company official ____C________ I thought would be fired received a raise.

C. who

19.The machine is such ______B______I have never seen before.

B. as

20.The International Studies University, ____A________in 1951, is a military academy.

A. founded

1.Can you find out ______ C ______her pen?

C. where Alice has put

2.Y ou can't imagine_______B_____when they received these gifts.

B. how excited they were

3.I will give this book to______B______wants to have it.

B. whoever

4.I doubt_______A_____he will lend you the book.

A. whether

5.We must do well______B______the boss assigns us to do.

B. whatever

6.Word has come_______ B_____some guests from Canada will visit our school.

B. that

7.____________the old man's sons wanted to know was ____ B ________the gold had been hidden.

B. What ... where

8.The crime was discovered till 48 hours later,_____ A_______gave the criminal plenty of time to get away.

B. that

9.A good many proposals were raised by the delegates,______ D______was to be expected.

D. as

10. A student, ______C______ name I don't know, came to see me.

C. whose

11.The time will come _______ B _____ man can fly____________ he likes in the universe.

B. when ... wherever

12.Is this museum _______D_____you visited a few days ago?

D. the one

13. The conductor and composer _____B_______by a crowd of people.

B. is greeted

14. ______A______he is absent, what shall we do?

A. Now that

15.______ B______the door than somebody started knocking on it.

B. No sooner had I closed

16.Either of these young ladies______ C ______perfectly qualified to teach Greek, Latin and French.

C. is

17. Large quantities of water _____B_______cooling purposes.

B. is needed to

18. Copper as well as most metals ______A______.

A. is a good conductor

19.There used to be some trees by the lake, _____C_______?

C. weren't there

20. War and peace _____A_______a constant theme in the history of the world.

A. is

三、交际用语(此部分共有5个未完成的对话,针对每个对话中未完成的部分有4个选项,请你从A、B、

C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。) 10%

1. —Y ou’d better take the umbrella with you. It looks like it’s going to rain.

—_______ B _____________________.

B. Y ou may be right. Thank you for reminding me.

2. —There’s a big party at the students’center tonight. Are you going with us?

—_____B________________________.

B. I’d love to,but I have to catch up with my maths assignment.

3. —So, what do you think of the dress? It’s in your price range.

—______D_____________.

D. Well, it’s a bit off but it certainly looks nice.

4. — Are you looking forward to going home for the summer?

—_____C_______

C. I'm counting the days.

5. — How do you like the country life here so far?

—____D________

D. It's quite different from what I expected.

1. —The movie last night was really interesting.

—________ C ____________________.

C. I couldn’t agree with you more.

D. It sounds good.

2. —Do you know John’s new address? Here’s his mail and I want to send it to him.

—_________D__________.

D. Sorry, we didn’t get along before he moved.

3. —I’d like to talk to Professor Li, please.

— ______B______

B. He's stepped out of the office for a little while.

4.— Why are you interested in working for our company?

—______B______

B. Because your company has a good reputation.

5. — Are you looking forward to going home for the summer?

—______C______

C. I'm counting the days.

1. — Are you from Italy?

—______ A ______

A. Y es, we are.

2. — What do you do?

—_____C______

C. I'm a college student.

3.—Do you think this is a nice place?

—____ D_________

D. Y es, I think so.

4.—How's your mother doing?

—______B______

B. She is very well.

5.—How did Mr. Jones get to the cinema?

—______C______

C. By car.

四.英译汉:20%

The soft handwriting reflected a thoughtful soul and insightful mind. In the front of the book,he discovered the previous owner’s name,Miss Hollis Maynell(霍利斯·梅纳尔小姐). With time and effort he located her address. She lived in New York City. He wrote her a letter introducing himself and inviting her to correspond. The next day he was shipped overseas for service in World War II.

柔和的笔迹显示出体贴和洞察力的灵魂。在书的前面,他发现以前的主人的名字,霍利斯·玛尼尔小姐(霍利斯?梅纳尔小姐)。随着时间的推移和努力,他终于找到了她的地址。她住在纽约市。他给她写了一封信介绍自己,并邀请她回信。第二天他被运送到海外服务在第二次世界大战。

参考课本第六课课文译文

Life in many other areas of the world tends to move at a different pace and value different ideals than in your own culture. Savor the chance to get away from the familiar and learn from people that have an entirely different background and preconceptions. Keep in mind that everyone has preconceptions. We just usually do not think about them since they inform and guide us all the time without us consciously referencing them.

世界上许多其他地区的生活往往在以不同的速度,比你自己的文化中的价值不同理想动议。细细品味摆脱熟悉和从有完全不同的背景和成见的人学习的机会。请记住每个人都有成见。我们只是通常不想想他们因为他们告知和指导我们所有的时间都没有我们自觉地引用它们。

参考课文第七课课文译文

Like other "aholics", the workaholic has an unhealthy addiction. In this case, the addiction is for work, career, or a belief that they are "the only one who can do the job right". Without this consuming focus, the workaholic may believe he's a failure or has little worth. Often, this is a sign of insecurity or having priorities out of order.

Workaholics will spend most of their lives at work or taking work home with them. They will often have little time for personal lives — family, hobbies, or relaxation. Having a balance is not just a preferable desire; it is needed for overall mental, physical, spiritual, and emotional health.

就像其他的“狂”的工作狂,有不良嗜好。在这种情况下,成瘾是工作,职业,或认为他们是“只有一个人可以做的工作权利”。没有了这种强烈的专注,工作狂可能认为自己是个失败者或没有多大价值。通常,这是一个不安的信号或优先顺序。

工作狂会花费他们的大部分时间生活在工作或将工作带回家。他们通常很少有时间为个人生活,家庭,爱好,或放松。有一个平衡的不仅仅是一个可取的愿望;它是需要整体的心理,身体,精神,和情绪健康。

考核知识点:课文第八课课文译文,参见P214

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