07函专升本各专业——英语(2)B卷

课程名称:大学英语(2)(B卷)

类别:(函授、业余、成人脱产)

年级:2007级专业:各专业层次:(专科、本科、专升本)学号:姓名:考场:

07函专升本各专业——英语(2)B卷

Part I.Multiple choices (多项选择)(30×1=30)

01-05 ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 06-10 ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

11-15 ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 16-20 ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

21-25 ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 26-30 ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

Part II. Reading Comprehension (阅读理解)(15×2=30)

31-35 ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 36-40 ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

41-45 ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

Part III. Cloze. (选择词汇并使用恰当的形式)(10×1=10)

46. _______________ 47. _______________ 48. _______________ 49. _______________ 50. _______________ 51. _______________ 52. _______________ 53. _______________ 54. _______________ 55. _______________

Part IV. Translation (5×4=20)

56.____________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________. 57.____________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________.

58.____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________.

59.____________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________.

60.____________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________.

Part V. Translation (1×10=10)

61._____________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________

B卷

Part I Multiple choices

Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence

1. If only everything_______out as we wanted it to in lite!

A. works

B. worked

C. in working

D. has worked

2. Does anyone know_______this coat might be?

A. whose

B. whom

C. to whom

D. who

3. The purpose of the examination was to_______the students? knowledge of

the subject.

A. try

B. inspect

C. test

D. prove

4. When I applied for my passport to be renewed, I had to send

a________photograph.

A. fresh

B. late

C. modern

D. recent

5. His name was on the_______of my tongue, but I just couldn?t remember it.

A. end

B. tip

C. point

D. edge

6.He compared the girl_______ a flower.

A. to

B. with

C. in

D. for

7. Civilization consists_______having a constructive attitude.

A. of

B. on

C. about

D. in

8. His illness may result_______malnutrition.

A. in

B. to

C. from

D. for

9. Have you decided to keep on_______your university course?

A. for

B. in

C. at

D. with

10. In spite of the problem, the engineers are going to carry on_______the project.

A. with

B. for

C. in

D. at

11. If I care_______you., I am concerned_______your growth.

A. of---about

B. about---about

C. about---on

D. of---on

12. The fact that something is cheap does not_______mean that it is of low quality.

A. probably

B. essentially

C. practically

D. necessarily

13. It would be unwise to_______too much importance to these opinion polls.

A. stick

B. attach

C. apply

D. mention

14. In their secondary schooling children get more advanced knowledge and

begin to_______on their special interests.

A. take

B. go

C. concentate

D. keep

15. By the time, I saw the job advertised , it was too late to________.

A. appoin

B. seek

C. demand

D. apply

16. Hardly_______when a quarrel broke out.

A. I arrived

B. I had arrived

C. had I arrived

D. did I arrive

17. He did not want to take the chance of having his team_______the game.

A. to lose

B. lose

C. losing

D. lost

18. Tom lost his way, _______delayed him considerably.

A. that

B. when

C. where

D. which

19. If he_______here I could explain to him myself.

A. is

B. has been

C. were

D. was

20. The district grew peas_______a large scale.

A. on

B. in

C. by

D. to

21. She added that if he had telephoned her before lunch, she________the book there.

A. took

B. would have taken

C. would take

D. would be taking

22. _______he was worried, he tried to appear calm.

A. Despite

B. Unless

C. Yet

D. Although

23. ________nothing more to worry about, he sat down and relaxed.

A. There having

B. There was

C. There being

D. Being

24. Some hotel staff speak_______English.

A. little

B. small

C. few

D. scarcely

25. _______kind of food you like, you can get it in London.

A. What

B. Which

C. The

D. Whatever

26. A motorway was_______through the garden of one house.

A. building

B. being built

C. built

D. going to build

27. He is used_______property of all kinds.

A. to inspect

B. inspecting

C. to inspecting

D.inspected

28. It is no use_______to get a bargain these days.

A. to expect

B. expecting

C. looking forward to

D. you expect

29. Neighbours ought to respect_______.

A. himself

B. one another

C. each one

D. to each other

30. My friends don?t mind_______in on them unexpectedly on Sundays.

A. I drop

B. me to drop

C. my dropping

D. if I am dropping

Part II Reading Comprehension

There are 3 reading passages in this part. The passage is followed by 5 questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D), You should decide on the best choice.

Passage 1

Taste is such a subjective matter that we don?t usually conduct preference tests for food. The most you can say about anyone?s preference is that it?s one person?s opinion.But because the two big cola companies---Coca-Ccla and Pepsi Cola---are marketed so aggressively, we?ve wondered how big a role taste preference actually plays in brand loyalty. We set up a taste test that challenged people who identified themselves as either Coca-Cola or Pepsi fans: Find your brand in a blind tasting.

We invited staff volunteers who had a strong liking for either Coca-Cola Classic or Pepsi, Diet Coke, or Diet Pepsi. These were people who thought they?d have no trouble telling their brand from the other brand.

We eventually located 19 regular cola drinkers and 27 diet cola drinkers. Then we fed them four unidentified samples of cola one at a time, regular colas for the one group, diet versions for the other. We asked them to tell us whether each sample was Coke or Pepsi; then we analyzed the records statistically to compare the Participants?choices with what mere guesswork could have accomplished.

Getting all four samples right was a tough test, but not too tough, we thought, for people who believed they could recognize their brand. In the end, only 7 out of 19 regular cola drinkers correctly identified their brand of choice in all four trials. The diet-cola drinkers did a little worse---only 7 out of 27 identified all four samples correctly.

While both groups did better than chance would predict, nearly half the participants in each group made the wrong choice two or more times. Two people got all four samples wrong. Overall, half the participants did about as well on the last round of tasting as on the first, so fatigue, or taste burnout, was not a factor. Our preference test results suggest that only a few Pepsi participants and Coke fans may really be able to tell their favorite brand by taste and price.

31. According to the passage the preference test was conducted in order to _______.

A. find out the role taste preference plays in a person?s drinking

B. reveal which cola is more to the liking of the drinkers

C. show that a person?s opinion about taste is mere guesswork

D. compare the ability of the participants in choosing their drinks

32. The statistics recorded in the preference tests show_________.

A. Coca-Cola and Pepsi are people?s two most favorite drinks

B. There is not much difference in taste between Coca-Cola and Pepsi

C. Few people had trouble telling Coca-Cola from Pepsi

D. People?s tastes differ from one another

33. It is implied in the first paragraph that_______.

A. the purpose of taste test is to promote the sale of colas

B. the improvement of quality is the chief concern of the two cola

companies

C. the competition between the two colas is very strong

D. blind tasting is necessary for identifying fans

34. The underlined word “brunout” (Para. 5)here refers to the state of _____.

A. being seriously burnt in the skin

B. being unaable to burn for lack of fuel

C. being badly damaged by fire

D. being unable to function because of excessive use

35. The author?s purpo se in writing this passage is to _______.

A. show that taste preference is highly subjective

B. argue that taste tasting is an important marketing strategy

C. emphasize that taste and price are closely related to each other

D. recommend that blind tasting be introduced in the quality control of colas Passage 2

I never carry a map when I travel. I prefer to ask for directions. Sometimes I lose my way, but I usually have a good time. I can learn a new language and meet new people. I find out different “styles” of directions every time I ask, “How can I get to the post office?”

Foreign travelers are often confused in Japan because most streets there don?t have names. The Japanese will say to travelers. “Go straight down to the corner. Turn left at the big hotel and to past a fruit market. The post office is across from the bus stop.”

People in Los Angeles, the United States, have no idea of distance on the map: they measure distance in time, not miles. “How far away is the post office?” you ask. “Oh.” they answer, “it?s about five minutes from here.” You say. “Yes, but how many miles away is it?” They don?t know.

In Greece where the Greek language is spoken, people sometimes do not even try to give directions because travelers may not know Greek. A Greek will o ften say, …Follow me.” Then he?ll lead you through the street of the city to the post office.

Sometimes a person doesn?t know the answer to your question. What happens in this situation? A New Yorker might say. “Sorry, I have no idea.” But in Mexico, no on e answers “I don?t know” People there believe that “I don?t know ” is not polite. They usually give an answer, often a wrong one.

36. The author doesn?t carry a map when he travels because _____

A. he doesn?t buy a map

B. he can?t read a map

C. he prefers to ask for directions

D. he won?t lose his way

37. The Japanese way of telling directions is ______

A. mentioning the names of the streets

B. not mentioning the names of the places

C. pointing directions with hands

D. confused

38. People in Los Angeles_____

A. don?t? know the distance to any place

B. measure distance in time

C. have no idea about distance

D. measure distance with cars

39. The Greeks prefer to lead a foreigner to the place he wants to get to because______

A. they don?t know the direction of the place

B. they don?t? want to speak to foreigners

C. they like to keep silent

D. they don?t think the foreigner can speak Greek.

40. If you ask a Mexican for direction______

A. you might be cheated

B. you can?t get an answer

C. they won?t give you a desired answer

D. they are sure to give you a wrong answer

Passage 3

The Great Fire of London started in the very early hours of 2, September

1666. In four days it destroyed more than three-quarters of the old city, where most of the houses were wooden and close together. One hundred thousand people became homeless, but only a few lost their lives.

The fire started on Sunday morning in the house of the King's baker(面包师)in Pudding Lane. The baker, with his wife and family, was able to get out through a window in the roof. A strong wind blew the fire from the bakery(面包房)into a small hotel next door. Then it spread quickly into Thames Street. That was the beginning.

By eight o'clock three hundred houses were on fire. On Monday nearly a kilometer of the city was burning along the River Thames. Tuesday was the worst day. The fire destroyed many well-known buildings, old St Paul's and the Guildhall among them.

Samuel Pepys, the famous writer, wrote about the fire. People threw their things into the river. Many poor people stayed in their houses until the last moment. Birds fell out of the air because of the heat.

The fire stopped only when the King finally ordered people to destroy hundreds of buildings in the path of the fire. With nothing left to burn, the fire became weak and finally died out.

After the fire, Christopher Wren, the architect(建筑师), wanted a city with wider streets and fine new houses of stone. In fact, the streets are still narrow; but he did build more than fifty churches, among them new St Paul's.

The fire caused great pain and loss, but after it London was a better place:

a city for the future and not just of the past.

41.The fire began in _____.

A. a hotel

B. the palace

C. Pudding Lane

D. Thames Street

42.The underlined word "family" in the second paragraph means _____.

A. home

B. children

C. wife and husband

D. wife and children

43.It seems that the writer of the text was most sorry for the fact that _____.

A. some people lost their lives

B. the birds in the sky were killed by the fire

C. many famous buildings were destroyed

D. the King's bakery was burned down

44.Why did the writer cite(引用) Samuel Pepys?

A. Because Pepys was among those putting out the fire.

B. Because Pepys also wrote about the fire.

C. To show that poor people suffered most.

D. To give the reader a clearer picture of the fire.

45.How was the fire put out according to the text?

A. The king and his soldiers came to help.

B. All the wooden houses in the city were destroyed.

C. People managed to get enough water from the river.

D. Houses standing in the direction of the fire were pulled down.

Part III Cloze

Fill in the blanks according to the text you have learned

And French friendships are 46 into categories. A man may play chess with a friend for thirty years without knowing his political 47 , or he may talk politics with him for 48 long a time without knowing about his 49 life. Different friends fill different niches in each person?s life. These friendships are not made part of family life. A friend is not 50 to spend evenings being nice to children or 51 to a deaf grandmother. These duties, also 52 and required, are primarily for 53. Men who are friends may meet in a cafe. Intellectual friends may meet in larger groups for evenings of 54 . Working people may meet at the little bistro where they drink and talk, far from the family. Marriage does not 55 such friendships; wives do not have to be taken into account.

Part IV. Translate the following sentences into English

56. 我正好认识那位作家。

57.我们选聘人员担任重要职务时要考虑三个条件:受教育程度,经验和业绩。

58.果不其然,警察将他抓获,但他声称自己什么也没偷。

59.受到邀请的不只是布朗一家。

60.物理学是关于物质运动及其规律的科学。

Part V. Translate the following sentences into Chinese

61. But inflation also affects the distribution of income in more subtle ways. Since the American tax system is progressive—since it takes a larger share of incomes in taxes as incomes increase—inflation redistributes income from private households to the public sector.

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