一般过去式规则及练习

一般过去时动词的变化规则

规则动词的过去式变化如下:

一般情况下,动词词尾加-ed ,如:

worked played wanted acted

以不发音的-e 结尾动词,动词词尾加-d,如:

lived moved decided declined hoped judged raised wiped

以辅音字母+ y结尾的动词,把-y变为-i 再加-ed,如:

studied tried copied justified cried carried embodied emptied

以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词,双写词尾辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stopped begged fretted dragged dropped planned dotted dripped

注:不规则动词的过去式变化规律性不强,须多加记忆。

go – went make - made get - got buy - bought come - came fly-flew

不规则动词的过去式:

a.过去式与动词原形的拼写形式相同:

let → let, put → put, read → read(注意read的过去式读[red])

b. i → a:

begin → began, drink → drank, give → gave, ring → rang, sing → sang, sit → sat, swim → swam c. i → o:

drive → drove, ride → rode, write → wrote

d. ow → ew:

grow → grew, know → knew, throw → threw

e. 含ough或augh的:

bring → brought, buy → bought, think → thought;catch → caught, teach → taught

f. am is ---was are ---were do---did can---could come---came

不规则动词的过去式平时出现要留心,逐个熟记,注意积累。

一般过去时易错点解析

例1 用括号内动词的适当形式填空

I went to the supermarket and (buy) some fruit.

解析:很多同学在做本题时,由于没有找到时间状语,因而不知道应该填什么。句中的and 连接了两个并列句,前后时态应该一致,前面用了go的过去时went,所以后面buy也应该用过去时bought.

答案:bought

例2 用括号内动词的适当形式填空。

He always (play)computer games last year.

解析:有些人会把答案写成plays,虽然主语He是单数第三人称,而且句子中出现了always,但是当你读完整个句子就会发现last year,所以应该用过去时played.一般过去时也可以表示过去经常做某事。

答案:played

例3用括号内动词的适当形式填空。

Our teacher said that the earth (move) round the sun.

解析:本题是一道难题。小学阶段很少涉及,但对于学习成绩较好的学生是可以尝试一下的。本句是含有宾语从句的主从复合句。主句的谓语动词said是say的过去式,有的同学可能会填moved,但是从句the earth moves round the sun(地球绕着太阳转)是客观真理,所以还是要

用一般现在时。

答案:moves

例4句型转换。

Miss Green taught us English last year.(变一般疑问句)

解析:本题有的同学可能会写成:Did Miss Green taught you English last year?要注意,如果变一般疑问句时提前了Did,则原句中的实意动词要恢复成原形。可记住如下口诀:―见助动,周原形‖。

答案:Did Miss Green teach you English last year?

例5单项选择。

( )There a pen and two books on the desk yesterday.

A is B.are C was D were

解答:由yesterday可知本题应该选择过去时,可排除A和B。又因为there be句型中符合―临近原则‖,即谓语的单复数由离谓语最近的词的单复数来决定。a pen是单数,所以选c。答案:C

例6单项选择。

( )My father his watch on the desk last night

A.puts B.putted C was putting D.put

解析:很多同学看到last night,就会知道应该选择put的过去式。但还要明确的是put的过去式和原形,像这样的动词还有read—read:let—let;cut—cut等。

答案:D

例7句型转换。

I can drive now(用last year改写)

解析:此种句型转换题要注意题目要求。要求用last year改写,则动词can要变成其相应的过去式could情态动词后加动词原形,所以drive不要改变。

答案:I could drive last year.

例8 last,had,for,dumplings,dinner,we,night(连词成句)

解析:多读课文、多造句子是做连词成句题的有效方法。注意不要重复选词或漏写。

答案:We had dumplings for dinner last night

一般过去时专题练习

一、写出下列动词的过去式。

1.is/am 2.fly 3.find 4.are

5.drink 6.play 7.go 8.make

9.do 10.dance 11.worry 12.ask

13.eat 14.draw 15.put 16.throw

17.kick 18.pass 19.live 20.know

二、用所给动词的适当形式填空。

(1)be动词

1. I at school just now.

2. He at the camp last week.

3.We students two years ago.

4.They on the farm a moment ago.

5. Yang Ling eleven years old last year.

6. There an apple on the plate yesterday.

7. Them some milk in the fridge the day before yesterday.

8. The mobile phone on the sofa yesterday evening.

9. She happy yesterday.

10. They glad to see each other last month.

11.How many people (be)there in your class last term(学期)?

12. I (see)Li Lei (go)out just now.

13.There a book on the chair last Monday.

14. I with my father at home the day before yesterday.

15. Today the second of June Yesterday the first of June.

It Children’s Day .All the students very excited.

(2)行为动词

1. Lucy (live)in Changchun two years ago.

2.The cat (eat)a mouse(老鼠)last night.

3.We (have)a party last Christmas Day.

4.Alice (pick)up oranges on the farm last week.

5.I (make)a model plane with Bob yesterday.

6. They (play)chess in the classroom last RE lesson.

7. My grandmother (cook)nice food last Spring Festival.

8. The girls (sing)and (dance)at the party last night.

9.Tom and Mary (come)to China last month.

10.Mary (read)English yesterday morning.

11.I (call)Mike this morning.

12. I listened but (hear)nothing.

13.Tom (begin)to learn Chinese last year.

14.My mother (not do)housework yesterday.

15.—What time you (get)to Beijing yesterday?

—We (get) to Beijing at 9:00 in the evening.

16. Did she (have) supper at home?

17. Jack (not clean) the room just now.

18. They all (go) to the mountains yesterday morning.

19.—When you (come)to china?

—Last year.

20.—What Tom (do) last Saturday evening?

—He (watch)TV and (read) an interesting book.

三、单项选择

()1.She watered the flowers .

A. tomorrow B .sometimes C. yesterday morning ()2.What Peter do last Sunday?

A. do B .does C .did

()3.I my room last weekend.

A. cleaned B .clean C. am cleaning

()4.I often helped my mother housework last year.

A. does

B. did C .do

()5. your brother TV last night?

A. Do,watch B .Did,watch C. Did,watched ()6.—Did your sister write an e—mail yesterday?

—.

A.Yes,she did B Yes,she does C No,she don’t ( )7.They on a trip in May,2009

A.are going B going C.went

( )8.We’re going to mountains tomorrow.

A climb

B climbed C.climbing ( )9. Tom volleyball three days ago?

A.Does,play B Did,played C Did,play ( )10.—Good afternoon,Miss Zhang How does Alan feel?

—He’s tired He a lot of work.

A does,this morning

B do,this morning

C did,this morning

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