ACT语法备考建议

ACT语法备考建议

ACT 语法备考建议 一. 标点符号(punctuation),包括逗号(comma)、撇号(apostrophe)、句号(period)、冒号(colon)、分号(semicolon)、破折号(dash)。

二. 基础语法和用法(grammar and usage) ,包括动词(verb)、代词(pronoun)、修饰语(modifier)、习语(idiom)和词汇选择(word choice)。

三. 句子结构 (sentence structure),包括残缺句(sentence fragment)、不断句(run-on sentence)、平行结构(parallelism)、时态(tense agreement)。

修辞技巧部分:

一. 写作策略(strategy),包括材料增减题(adding & deleting)、作者要求题(fulfill writer’s goal)、具体细节题(specific details)。

二. 文章结构(organization), 包括过渡词句题(transition)、位置选择题(the best placement)、逻辑排序题(logical order)、文章主旨题(closing)。

三. 写作风格(style),包括冗长重复(redundancy)、文章语言风格(tone)。

以一段文章举例:

The plane has been stripped of all its seat, so everyone is kneeling on the bare metal floor (1)on their knees. The gigantic (2)engines, which on either side catch and roar into action. (3)You now can entertain any second thoughts, the plane has taxied and (4)taken off and is circling upward into the huge cobalt sky. (5)Its headed to an (6)altitude of three thousand feet.

1. A. NO CHANGE

B. down on their knees

C. resting on their knees

D. OMIT the underlined portion and end the sentence with a period.

点评:属于修辞部分的redundancy, everyone is kneeling已经表示on their knees, 所以已经不需要再重复表达。此题选D 。

2. F. NO CHANGE

G. engines, where

H. engines

J. engines that

点评:属于语法部分sentence structure当中的fragment 。原句中缺少动词,G 选项和J 选项变为从句后主句依然缺少动词,所以正确答案是H ,the gigantic engines是主语,catch and roar是谓语。

3. A. NO CHANGE

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