英语同义词

同义近形词归纳

一.名词中同义词、近形词部分归纳

1.表示“能力”意思的词语:Ability, capability, competency, faculty, capacity, gift, talent 2.表示“目的、目标”意思的词语:Aim, purpose, aim, intent, intention, goal, end

3.表示“关系、联系”意思的词语:Ties, bonds, links, connection, association, relations, combination, relationship, interrelations, relevance

4.表示“差别”意思的词语:Difference, distinction, differentiation

5.表示“资本、资金”意思的词语:Capital, fund, money, relief 6.表示“个人”意思的词语:

Person, people, folks, individuals,

man, human being

7.表示“意义、含义”意思的词

语:Meaning, significance,

implication, connotation

8.表示“部分、成分”意思的词

语:Part, element, ingredient,

component, factor, segment

9.表示“不平等、歧视”意思的

词语:Inequality, bias, prejudice,

discrimination

10.表示“对手、支持者”意思的

词语:Opponent, rivals,

proponent, advocates

11.表示“商品”意思的词语:

Commodity, goods

12.表示“将来”意思的词语:

Future, prospect

13.表示“理由”意思的词语:

Reason, ground, cause

14.表示“后代、子孙”意思的词

语:Offspring, descendant,

posterity, children

15.表示“补充”意思的词语:

Complement, supplement,

append

16.表示与“树木”有关的词语:

Bush, shrub

, jungle

17.表示“边界”意思的词语:Boundary, border, frontier, verge

18.表示“错误”意思的词语:Blunder, error, mistake, fault

19.表示“基础”意思的词语:Basis, foundation, ground

20.表示“会议”意思的词语:Assembly, conference, congress, seminar, session, summit, symposium, meeting, gathering, party

21.表示“区域”意思的词语:Area, district, region, vicinity, zone

22.表示“成就”意思的词语:Accomplishment, attainment, achievement, success

23.表示“要点、摘要”意思的词语:abstract, digest, outline, summary

24.表示“程度”意思的词语:to the degree, to some extent

25.表示“生气”意思的词语:Anger, fury, indignation, resentment, hate, hatred

26.表示“ 痛苦,悲伤”意思的词语:pain, sadness, unhappiness, misery, anguish

27.表示“标准”意思的词语:standard, criteria 28.字形相似的词:welfare(福利), warfare(战争), farewell(告别)29.字形相似的词:attitude(态度), altitude(海拔,高度), magnitude(数量), multitude(多数), aptitude(天资,天赋), latitude(纬度, 地区), gratitude(感谢)

30.字形相似的词:convention(习俗,传统), conversion(变化,转换),conviction(坚定的信念或看法), conservation(保存,保持), conversation(交谈)

31.字形相似和近义词:vocation, job, work, profession, occupation, field, career, /vacation, holiday, travel, journey, voyage, trip, excursion 32.近义词:pace(步伐), speed(速度,速率), rate(速度,百分比),ratio(比例,比率), rhythm (韵律,节奏)

33.近义词:process(进程,过程), procedure(步骤,手续),course(时间的经过)

二.常用的动词同义词归纳

1.表示“导致”意思的词语:Lead to, bring about, give rise to, give

birth to, contribute to, cause…to, result in, engender, render, prompt, cause, make, result from(起因于)2.表示“面对、偶遇”意思的词语:Confront, be confronted with, face, be faced with, meet with, encounter.

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