人教版英语同义句句型转换附练习及答案

同义句转换知识点讲解(14种类型) 一、运用同义词(组)进行转换 二、运用反义词(组)的否定式进行转换 三、运用不同语态进行转换 四、非延续性动词与延续性动词的相互转换 五、运用不同引语进行转换 六、运用简单句与复合句之间的转换 七、运用并列句与复合句之间的转换 ..............................

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英语句型转换

(一).同义句转换知识点讲解(14种类型)

一、运用同义词(组)进行转换

用同义词或同义词组对原句中的某些词或词组进行替换(又称“词语替代法”),注意转换后的词或词组的词形变化要与句子其他成分相适应。如:

1. That day we could see flowers here and there.

That day we could see flowers __________.

分析:答案为everywhere。everywhere与here and there都表示“到处”。

2. The teacher always takes good care of the children in the school.

The teacher always_______ ______the children well in the school.

分析:答案为looks after。take good care of与look after…well都表示“好好照顾”。

3. The children are wearing beautiful clothes.

The children are_________beautiful clothes.

4. Every day,Yao Ming receives E-mails from thousands of basketball fans.

Every day,Yao Ming_________thousands of basketball fans.

5. Mr. Smith is working.

Mr. Smith is__________ __________.

答案:1. in 2. hears from 3. at work

二、运用反义词(组)的否定式进行转换

即用反义词或词组的否定式表达与原句相同的意思,主要考查学生对反义词(词组)的积累和换位思维的能力。如:

1. It’s clear that this visit is different from last time.

It’s clear that this visit is not th e___ ___last time.

分析:答案为same as。be different from意为“与……不同”;the same as意为“与……相同”,其否定式与be different from 同义。

2. I think wealth is less important than health.

I ___ think wealth is ___ important than health.

分析:答案为don’t,more。less important的意思是“没有(不及)……重要”;more important的意思是“(比)……更重要”,该结构与not连用,则表示“不比……更重要”。

3. Chinese is more popular than Japanese.

Japanese is__________popular__________Chinese.

4. The runner couldn't catch up with the others in the race.

The runner_________ __________the others in the race.

5. A computer is more useful than a VCD.

A VCD is not_________useful_________a computer.

答案:4. less, than 5. fell behind 6. as,as

另外,有的反义词即使不与否定词连用,而只需改变句子结构也可构成同义句。如:

He lent some money to his friend.

He friend ___ some money ___ him.

分析:答案为borrowed,from。borrow…from意为“向……借……”;lend…to意为“把……借给……”。两个结构意思相反,但若变换“借出者”与“借入者”的位置,则可转换为同义句。

三、运用不同语态进行转换

即运用主动语态与被动语态的变化来转换同义词,但此时要特别注意时态、动词一致性。如:

1. Everyone should give back his library books on time.

Library books should____ ____ ____ on time.

分析:答案为be given back。被动句中含有情态动词should,因此助动词用be。

2. It is widely accepted that more people use computers in the world today.

Computers ____ widely ___ in the world today.

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