《英语》Unit1

Greetings and Introductions

Goals (学习目标)

Knowledge Aims:

Mastering the meaning of different ways of greeting and introduction, important words,phrases and language points in the dialogues and texts.

Ability Aims:

Understanding greeting to others and being able to introduce oneself.

Quality Aims:

Improving interpersonal communication ability; and knowing the different culture

about greetings and introductions.

Greetings and Introductions

Part I Listening(听力模块)

学习指南

(2 Periods)

知识目标

Consolidating the words, expressions and sentence patterns about greeting for the first time and again

能力(技能)目标

Mastering some comprehensive listening skills

素质目标

Forming the habit of greeting others politely

Section A: Listening for General Purposes

Task1 Listen to the recording, and you will hear five sentences. If the sentence you hear is exactly the same as the sentence listed below, write an S in the corresponding bracket. If not, write a D. The sentences will be read twice.

1. My name is Lisa.()

2. Mary is Mr. Sawyer’s daughter.()

3. John comes from England.()

4. It’s so nice to see you again.()

5. Rose, let me introduce my friend to you.()

Key

1. D

2. S

3.D

4.S

5.D

Script

1. My name is Mary.

2. Mary is Mr. Sawyer’s daughter.

3. John is from America.

4. It’s so nice to see you again.

5. Rose, let me introduce my sister to you.

Task2 Listen to the recording and complete the following short passage with the exact words you hear. The passage will be read twice.

In the Sawyer family, there are (1)___________members. They live at (2)___________King Street. Mr. Sawyer goes to (3)___________every day and arrives home (4)___________. Mrs. Sawyer is a housewife. Every day she does the (5)___________and usually sees her friends. They often drink (6)___________together. Their two children go to school and (7)___________ home early. At night, the children always do homework, then go to (8)___________ . Mr. Sawyer usually reads his (9)___________, but (10)___________the couple watch television.

Notes:

home 家, 在家,到家

housework 家务

usually 通常

together 一起

read 读

couple 夫妻,夫妇

Key

1. four

2. 87

3. work

4. late

5. housework

6. tea

7. arrive

8. bed

9. newspaper 10. sometimes

Script

In the Sawyer family, there are four members. They live at 87 King Street. Mr. Sawyer goes to work every day and arrives home late. Mrs. Sawyer is a housewife. Every day she does the housework and usually sees her friends. They often drink tea together. Their two children go to school and arrive home early. At night, the children always do homework, then go to bed. Mr. Sawyer usually reads his newspaper, but sometimes the couple watch television.

Section B: Practical Listening

Task1 You will hear 5 short dialogues. Listen carefully and choose the best answer to each of the following questions.

1. What is the man’s name?

A) Jack. B) Albert. C) Alan. D) Alva.

2. What is the man doing?

A) He is doing homework. B) He is doing housework.

C) He is dancing. D) He is listening to music.

3. Who is Jack’s classmate?

A) Lily. B) Mary. C) Lucy. D) Tom.

4. Who is the lady in red?

A) Lucy. B)Kathy. C) Kitty. D) Kate.

5. When does Diana’s brother come home?

A)Tomorrow. B) Tomorrow morning. C) This afternoon. D) This morning.

Key

1. C

2.A

3. B

4. D

5.B

Script

(1)

Woman: Hello, may I have your name?

Man: My name is Alan.

(2)

Woman: Hi, Bill! What are you doing?

Man: I’m doing my homework.

(3)

Man: Good morning, Lily. This is my classmate Mary.

Woman: Nice to meet you, Mary. I’m Lily, Jack’s friend.

(4)

Man: Lucy, who is the lady in red?

Woman: Oh, she is Kate, a new classmate.

(5)

Man: Hello, Diana. When does your brother come home?

Woman: Tomorrow morning.

Task2 Listen to the following conversation and fill in the blanks with the exact words you hear from the recording.

John:Good morning, I’m John from (1)company.

Harries:Good morning, John. (2) name is Harries.

John:(3) to meet you, Harries.

Harries:Me, too. John, what can I (4) for you?

John:I’m (5)in your (6) computer.

Harries:That’s fine. Here you are. And if you (7)any other questions, please contact me at any time.

John:(8) you very much. Good bye.

Harries:Good bye.

Key

1. American

2. My

3. Nice

4. do

5. interested

6. new

7. have

8. Thank

Script

John:Good morning, I’m John from American company.

Harries:Good morning, John. My name is Harries.

John:Nice to meet you, Harries.

Harries:Me, too. John, what can I do for you?

John:I’m interested in your new computer.

Harries:That’s fine. Here you are. And if you have any other questions, please contact me at any time.

John:Thank you very much. Good bye..

Harries:Good bye.

Greetings and Introductions

Part II Speaking (口语模块)

(2 Periods)

学习指南

知识目标

Learning some sentence patterns of greeting people and giving responses

能力(技能)目标

Grasping how to make self-introduction, introduce people to each other and exchange personal information

素质目标

Forming the habit of greeting others politely

Section A: Speaking for General Purposes

Task1 Read the following sentences and recite them to your team members.

1. Season’s greetings to my dearest parents!

2. Greetings bring people close, and greetings make people happy.

3. Politeness costs nothing and gains everything.

4. Fancy meeting you here.

5. Your first impression is very important, because there is no second chance.

Task2 Discuss with your team members and tell your understanding of how to greet and introduce. Two samples are given below.

Sample one

On the first day of the new term, Linda and Lucy meet for the first time to say hello in campus. After greeting each other they go to the classroom happily.

Sample two

On the first day of the new term, every student makes a self-introduction in class. I’m Qi Dong, the first one to introduce in public. I state my age, birthplace and my hobbies. I also like making friends. I hope we can become good friends.

Section B: Practical Speaking

chairman/vice chairman主席;董事长/副主席;副董事长

chief executive officer (CEO)首席执行官

director/assistant director主任;导演/副主任;副导演

dean of department系主任

general manager总经理

headmaster/vice headmaster校长/副校长

premier/vice premier总理/副总理

professor/associate professor教授/副教授

sales manager销售部经理

secretary/secretary general秘书/秘书长

Task1 Practice the following conversation with your partner, using correct pronunciation and proper intonation.

Anna: Hello! Long time no see!

Ben: Yes! How are things going with you?

Anna: Pretty good! And you?

Ben: I am just great.

Anna: Let me introduce my friend to you. This is Cathy, my best friend in high school. (turn to Cathy) Cathy, this is Ben.

Cathy: Hello! Nice to meet you!

Ben: Nice to meet you, too. Anna often talks with me about you and you give her much help.

Cat hy: Really, it’s my pleasure.

Notes:

pretty 很,非常

great 好的,棒的

introduce 介绍

high school 高中

talk with 与……谈论

pleasure 愉快,快乐

Task2 Have a free conversation with your partner, using the useful expressions when necessary. A sample is given below.

Rose: Hi! Long time no see. How are you, Dan?

Dan: Fine! Thank you. How are you?

Rose: Great! Let me introduce you to my cousin, Claire. Claire, this is Dan, my classmate.

Claire: Hello, Dan!

Dan: Hi, I’m so pleased to meet you.

Claire: Me, too.

Greetings and Introductions

Part III Reading(阅读模块)

Passage A Busy Teenager

学习指南

(2 Periods)

知识目标

1. Understanding the passage structure

2. Grasping the key words, phrases and sentence patterns

能力(技能)目标

Grasping some skills of intensive reading

素质目标

Knowing the spirit of hardworking

Section A: Reading for General Purposes

A Busy Teenager

Sandy is a very busy teenager. She never has enough time for all she wants to do. Like many other American teenagers, she spends hours on the telephone, talking to her friends. She goes out for dates on weekends, a nd she babysits for other families’ children. And, of course, during the school year she has lots of homework to do.

During the football season, Sandy is busier than ever. She and several other pretty girls are cheerleaders for the high school football games. They lead the crowd in cheering for the school’s team.

The girls jump up and down together, cheering when the team has played well. When the team is not playing so well, the cheerleaders try to encourage the players. The cheers are usually not long, but it takes a long time to practice shouting them together.

Fight team fight!

Fight team fight!

Fight team! Fight team!

Fight! Fight! Fight!

1、Words to learn

busy a. 忙碌的,繁忙的

teenager n. 青少年

enough a. 充足的,足够的

spend v. 花费,度过

date n. 约会

babysit v. 临时受雇代外出的父母照料小孩

during ad. 在……期间

season n.季节

pretty a.漂亮的

cheer v.欢呼,为……喝彩

cheerleader n.拉拉队队长

lead v.领导,引导,指挥

crowd n.人群,一群

jump v.跳

encourage v.鼓励,鼓舞

practice v.练习

shout v.呼喊,叫

2、Phrases & expressions

spend time on sth./(in) doing sth. 花时间做某事

talk to sb.同某人谈话

go out出去

lead in引导

jump up跳起来

jump down跳下

try to尽力做某事

It takes time to do sth.花时间做某事

3、Explanation of Difficult Sentences

(1)(Para 1)How safe is it to use mobile phones?

Analysis: It is “formal subject”, which means “to use mobile phone”Translation:使用移动电话安全吗?

Example: How difficult is it to learn English well?.

(2)(Para 1)Does it matter how old you are?

Analysis: It is “formal subject”, which means “how old you are”.

matter means “have weight, have import”.

Translation:它是否跟你的年龄有关?

Example: The tool matters a great deal to him.

(3)(Para 2)The British Association for the Advancement of Science has reported that using a mobile phone doubles the risk of developing brain cancer.

Analysis: that … is a object clause and using a mobile phone is a subject in the object clause.

Translation:英国科学发展联合机构报道使用移动电话得脑癌的风险两倍于不使用的人群。

Example: Americans often say that doing it by yourself is important.

(4)(Para 2)The report is based on the findings of a research that was made in Sweden, comparing 1617 patients having brain cancers between 1997 and 2003 with the same number of healthy people.

Analysis: comparing … is an accompan ying adverbial clause.

Translation:这份研究结果是建立在许多研究的基础上。1997年至2003年,在瑞典科学家们针对1617名脑癌患者和同等数量身体健康的人进行对比研究所得出的结果。

Example: They sat around the fire, talking with each other happily.

(5)(Para 2)However, one scientist has pointed out that DNA has the same qualities in all animals, and if radiation affects the genes in mice, it could also affect human genes.

Analysis: that … is a object clause , If … is a conditional clause , and…constitutes a compound complex sentence.

Translation:然而有位科学家指出,老鼠的DNA跟其他动物是一样的,既然辐射对老鼠的基因有害,那么对人同样如此。

Example: My mother agrees with me at last, and if I could agree with her, she would be happier.

(6)(Para 3)Their bones are not as thick as adults’and there are much worse effects to the children.

Analysis: and…constitutes a compound se ntence.

Translation:他们的骨架没有成年人结实,因此电话辐射对小孩的危害更大。Example: The book is not as thick as that one and there is less interesting conversations.

4、Important Words

(1)provide …with…

supply…with…给…….供应

e.g.

Beijing University provided her with an allowance when she was studying there. Rivers and lakes provide us with water transport and irrigation.

(2)be based on

build on 以……为基础

e.g.

Do you really think enjoyment should be based on others' pain?

Action should be based on solid facts.

(3)compare …with…

contrast with 与……相比较

e.g.

How does your bike compare with mine?

Compare the copy with the original.

(4)do harm on

be harmful to 对……有害

e.g.

The trials show that smoking will do harm to people.

Such chemicals taken up by plants can do harm on humans and animals.

(5)evidence

an indication that makes something evident 证据

e.g.

The evidence was so compelling that he felt constrained to accept it.

The evidence was corroborated by two independent witnesses

(6)affect

have an effect upon影响

e.g.

How will these changes affect us?

Don‘t let this trifling matter affect our good relationship.

5、Translation

一个忙碌的女孩

桑迪是一个非常忙碌的女孩。她从来没有足够的时间做所有她想做的。像其他许多美国青少年,她花费数个小时通电话,和她的朋友们聊天。她在周末出去约会,还要照看其他家庭的子女。当然,在学校里她有许多作业要做。

在足球赛季,桑迪比以往更忙碌。她和其她几个漂亮姑娘是高中足球拉拉队成员。她们带领拉拉队为学校的球队助威。

当球队踢得不错时,女孩们跳起来,一起欢呼。当球队踢得不好时,拉拉队队员试图鼓励运动员。欢呼声一般都不长,但它需要很长的时间来练习欢呼。

球队,加油!

球队,加油!

加油!加油!

加油!加油!加油!

6、Exercises

Section A:

Task1 Choose the best answer to each question or unfinished sentence.

1. Why is Sandy a very busy teenager?

A) Because she is a student.

B) Because she never has enough time for all she wants to do.

C) Because she does much homework.

D) Because she often goes out for dates.

2. On weekends Sandy goes out for dates and for other families’ children.

A) takes care B) looks after C) babysits D) plays

3. During the football season, Sandy is than ever.

A) better B) busier C) happier D) freer

4. The girls jumped together, cheering when the team has played well.

A) up and down B) angrily C) happily D) smartly

5. What does Sandy do during the football season?

A) She has a rest at home.

B) She plays football with her classmates.

C) She goes shopping with her friends.

D) She and several other pretty girls act as cheerleaders for the football games.

Key

1. B

2.C

3.B

4.A

5.D

Task2 Complete the following sentences with the words or phrases listed in the table below. Change the form if necessary.

Words Phrases

spend pretty crowd go out

encourage practice enough try to do

1. You need to improve your skills.

2. Let’s for some fresh air.

3. Don’t you want to better in school?

4. He has three daughters.

5. Obviously, we don’t want to too much money.

6. He gets angry easily if he doesn’t get sleep.

7. You should your children to express their ideas by themselves.

8. He pushed his way through the .

Key

1. practice

2. go out

3. try to do

4. pretty

5. spend

6. enough

7. encourage

8. crowd

Task3 Combine each group of simple sentences into one compound sentence, using the grammatical structure “when…” after studying the sample.

《英语》Unit1

B: She likes listening to music.

2. A: I was moved.

B: I heard the news.

3. A: Jack was a child.

B: Jack’s father often played baske tball with him.

4. A: He heard from his sister.

B: He felt very excited.

5. A: Tom was in the second grade.

B: Tom’s mother bought him a bike.

Key

1. When she is tired, she likes listening to music.

2. I was moved when I heard the news.

3. When Jack was a child, his father often played basketball with him.

4. He felt very excited when he heard from his sister.

5. When Tom was in the second grade, his mother bought him a bike.

Task4 Translate the following English sentences into Chinese.

1. Like many other American teenagers, she spends hours on the telephone, talking to her friends.

2. And, of course, during the school year she has lots of homework to do.

3. She and several other pretty girls are cheerleaders for the high school football games.

4. The girls jumped up and down together, cheering when the team has played well.

5. The cheers are usually not long, but it takes a long time to practice shouting them together.

Key

1.像其他许多美国青少年,她花费数小时通电话,与朋友聊天。

2.当然,在学校时她要做许多作业。

3.她和其她几个漂亮姑娘是高中足球拉拉队成员。

4.当球队表演出色时,姑娘们一齐跳上跳下为他们加油。

5.欢呼声一般不长,但它需要很长的时间来练习齐喊。

Section B: Practical Reading

Task1 The following is a small passage. After reading it, you are required to fill in the blanks below it. You should write each of your answers in no more than 3 words.

Li Na is a Chinese professional tennis player. She was born on February 26, 1982 in Wuhan ,China. When Li was 6 years old, she became a volleyball player. At the age of 9 she began to play tennis. Li Na joined Chi na’s National Tennis Team in 1997 and turned professional in 1999. At the end of 2002, Li left the national tennis team to study at Huazhong University of Science and Technology. However, Li returned to the national team in 2004. Jiang Shan married Li and became her personal coach in 2006. In 2008 Li finally left the national team, becoming a free player.

Li has won 5 WTA(女子网球协会)and 19 ITF(国际网球联合会)singles titles. As of June 6, 2011, she is ranked World No.4. Li Na became Asia’s first woman Grand Slam singles champion when she won the 2011 French Open over Francesca

Schiavone (法国网球公开赛).

1. Li Na is a (1) professional tennis player.

2. The time of Li Na’s joining China’s National Tennis Team: (2)and turning professional: (3) .

3. Li Na’s husband is (4).

4. Li has won 5 WTA and (5) titles.

Key

1. Chinese

2. in 1997

3. in 1999

4. Jiang Shan

5. 19 ITF singles

Task2 The following is a list of terms. After reading it, you are required to find the items equivalent to those given in Chinese in the table below. Then you should put the corresponding letters in the brackets.

A — the Olympic ideals

B — Olympic Committee

C — semifinal

D — beach volleyball

E — swimming

F — individual events

G —shot put H — high jump

I —table tennis J — road cycling

K — cross-country running L — balance beam

M — floor exercises N —men’s doubles

O — 110m hurdles P — free style wrestling

Example: (G) 推铅球(O) 110米跨栏

1. ( ) 奥林匹克精神( ) 奥委会

2. ( ) 越野跑( ) 公路自行车赛

3. ( ) 平衡木( ) 自由体操

4. ( ) 自由式摔跤( ) 个人赛

5. ( ) 乒乓球( ) 男子双打

Key

1. AB

2. KJ

3. LM

4. PF

5. IN

Greetings and Introductions

Part IV Writing (写作模块)

学习指南

(2 Periods)

知识目标

Mastering the words, expressions and sentence patterns of writing a business card Grasping the rules of basic sentence structure

能力(技能)目标

Grasping the skills of writing a business card

素质目标

Knowing the etiquette of exchanging business cards

Section A: Writing for General Purposes(Basic English Sentence Patterns)TIPS

Basic English Sentence Patterns

主语+谓语(不及物动词):

The birds are flying.

The engine broke down.

主语+ 谓语(系动词)+表语:

The flower looks very beautiful.

The book is new.

主语+谓语(及物动词)+宾语:

Dogs like bones.

My mother is watching TV.

主语+谓语(及物动词)+宾语+宾语补足语:

He makes me laugh.

John told me to do that again.

主语+谓语(及物动词) + 直接宾语+间接宾语

Mum bought me a book.

She cooked us a delicious meal.

Task1 Analyze the following sentences and tell which pattern they belong to.

1. He is running.

2. The loud voice from the upstairs made him angry.

3. The little boy is asking the teacher all kinds of questions.

4. She seemed angry.

5. My father bought me a beautiful present.

6. We must keep our classroom tidy and clean.

7. I heard the baby crying in the sitting room.

Key

1.主语+谓语

2.主语+谓语+宾语+宾补

3.主语+谓语+双宾

4. 主语+系动词+表语

5.主语+谓语+双宾

6. 主语+谓语+宾语+宾补

7. 主语+谓语+宾语+宾补

Task2 Translate the following sentences into English.

1. 莉莉是一个很聪明的学生。

2. 这是我们的第一课。

3. 我们需要7本书。

4. 杰克在108中学上学。

5. 露西叫我明天给她打电话。

Key

1. Lily is a clever student.

2. This is our first lesson.

3. We need 7 books.

4. Jack studies in No.108 middle school.

5. Lucy asks me to call her tomorrow.

Section B: Practical Writing (Business Cards)

Practical Writing (Business Cards)

TIPS

Business Cards

Structure Language

1. 单位名称:Unit Name 1. 简洁规范、条理清晰

2. 人名:Person’s Name 2. 语言要通俗易懂,利于推广和传播

3. 职务:Position 3. 重要信息要突显出来

4. 地址:Address

5. 电话:Telephone

6. 传真:Fax

7. 邮箱地址:E-mail Address

Sample one

Chenguang Electronics Ltd.

Li Jianzhou

Marketing Department Manager

Address:No.29, Financial Street, Xicheng District, Beijing

Tel: 010-********(h) 010-********(w)

Fax: 010-********

E-mail:wangjianzhoumobile@http://www.360docs.net/doc/ba45eb5d5a8102d276a22f94.html

Sample two

Commercial Bank

Wang Jianmei

General Manager

Address: Yabao Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing

Tel: 010-********(h) 010-********(w)

Fax: 010-********

E-mail:wjm0255@http://www.360docs.net/doc/ba45eb5d5a8102d276a22f94.html

Task Suppose you are a CEO of Sany Company (三一公司), please write an English business card according to the information given in Chinese.

姓名:叶子云

公司地址:湖南长沙星沙区

家庭号码:0731-*******

办公电话:0731-*******

传真号码:0731-*******

邮箱地址:yeziyun088@http://www.360docs.net/doc/ba45eb5d5a8102d276a22f94.html

Key

《英语》Unit1

Greetings and Introductions

Part V Enjoying

(1 Period)

Task1 Read the following English riddles and try to get their keys.

1. What always goes up and never goes down?

2. What has teeth but cannot eat?

3. What two words have thousands of letters in them?

4. How many sides does a house have?

5. What always travels on foot?

Key

1. Age.

2. A comb.

3. Post office.

4. Two.

5. A shoe.

Task2 Listen to the song and fill in the blanks with the exact words you hear. Then read the lyrics aloud and sing along.

Say You, Say Me

Say you, say me

Say it for always

That’s the way it should be

Say you, say me

Say it together, naturally

I had a (1) , I had an awesome dream

People in the park

Playing games in the dark

And what they (2) was a masquerade

But from behind the walls of doubt

A voice was (3) out

Say you, say me

Say it for always

That’s the way it should be

Say you, say me

Say it together, naturally

As we (4) down life’s lonesome highway

Seems the hardest thing to do

Is to find a (5) or two

Their helping hand — someone who understands

And when you (6) you’ve lost your way

You’ve got someone there to say

I’ll show you oo, oo, oo

Say you, say me

Say it for always

That’s the way it should be

Say you, say me

Say it together, naturally

So you think you (7) the answers

Oh no!

Well the whole world’s got ya (8)

That’s right I am telling you

It’s time to start believing

Oh yes!

Believe in who you are

You are a shining (9) ……oh

Say you, say me

Say it for always

That’s the (10)it should be

Say you, say me

Say it together, naturally

Say it together, naturally

Notes:

together 一起

naturally 自然地,合理地

answer 答案

believe 相信

shining 光亮的,华丽的

Key

1. dream

2. played

3.crying

4. go

5. friend

6. feel

7. know

8. dancing

9. star 10. way

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