高考英语完形填空核心单词及短语大汇总

高考完形填空核心单词及短语大汇总,99%会考到!

完形填空以考察动词、名词、形容词、副词为主,文章中会有很多词组需要我们正确理解,答题时不仅涉及到对文章上下文语境的理解,更会考察对以上四类词中近义词的辨析。高中英语完形填空中常考的这四类高频词和450个高频词组总结。

一. 高中英语完形填空常考四大词性高频词

动词

1.“看”:look; see; watch; observe; notice; catch sight of; stare; glare; glance; glimpse; see a film; watch TV

2. “说”:telll sth to sb.=tell sb sth; talk with sb about sth; say sth; speak in English; whisper sth to sb; inform sb of sth; reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth; bargain; chat; repeat; explain; warn; remind; discuss; debate; figure; declare; claim; mention; admit; deny; describe; announce; introduce; complain

3. “叫”:cry; call; shout; scream; moan; sigh; quarrel

4. “问”:ask; interview; express; question

5. “答”:answer; respond; reply

6. “听”:listen to; hear; pick up; overhear

7. “笑”:smile; laugh; burst into laughter; burst out laughing

8. “哭”:cry; shed tears; weep; sob; burst into tears /burst out crying

9. “吃/喝”:eat/drink; sip; have a meal; have supper; toast; taste; treat sb to; help oneself to

10. “穿”:put on; wear; have on; be dressed in; make up; get changed; be in red; take off ; remove

11. “行”:walk ; run ; climb; jump; skip; slip; come/go; enter; move; drive; ride; fly; crawl

12. “坐”:sit down; be seated; seat oneself; take a seat,stand; lean

13. “睡/休息”:lie /on one’s back/on one's side/ on one’s stomach; stay in bed; have a rest; take a nap; be asleep; bend; turn over; rest

14. “写”:dictate; write sth; describe; drop a line; draw; take down/write down

15. “拿/放”: take; bring; hold; carry; fetch; lif; put; lay; pull; push

16. “抓”:take hold of; seize; grasp; scratch

17. “打”:hit; beat; strike; blow; attack

18. “扔”:throw; drop; fall; wave; shake

19. “送”:send; deliver; give; offer; see off

20. “摸/抱”:ouch; fold; embrace; hug; hold; in one’s arms

21. “踢/碰”:kick; knock; tip

22. “找/查”:find; look for; find out; discover/explore; hunt for; search for;seek,seek for in search of; search sb; search sp. for sth; check; examine; test; inspect

23. “得”:get; obtain; acquire; gain; possess

24. “失”:lose; be lost /be missing/gone; great loss

25. “有”:have; own; conquer; occupy;possess

26. “无”:nothing left; the remaining thing; disappear; be missing /gone

27. “增/减”:rise / go up,drop; raise; bring down /reduce; increase/decrease

28. “买/卖”:buy; purchase; afford; pay; pay off ; pay for; sell; on sale; bargain; bill / cheque / cash/credit card/notes/coins; discounts

29. “存在/消失”:come into being; exist; appear; survive ; live; show; turn up; disappear; die; die out; pass away; be out of sight

30. “变化”:develop; improve ; become; grow; go+ bad /wrong/ sour;turn + colour; change /change into; reform

31. “成功/失败”:make it; succeed; make progress; come true; realize one’s dream; win; lose; fail to do; defeat; suffer loss; beat; turn sth. into reality

32. “努力”:try /manage; make efforts; attempt ; do one's best; do as much as one can to do

33. 祝贺:congratulate sb. on sth.; celebrate; observe; get together

34. 敬佩:admire; respect; show respect for/to; adore; envy ;be jealousy

35. 赞美/批评:praise; think highly of; blame sb for sth; sb is to blame; criticize /scold sb. for sth.; have a low opinion of sb; speak ill of

36. 喜/恶:like; love; be fond of ; be keen on; be crazy about; adore; be into; prefer;

enjoy; dislike hate; ignore

37. 到达:arrive at; reach; return to; get to; stay in sp.; visit; leave; leave for

38. 受伤:hurt ; injure; wound; cut; kill; drown; bleed; get burnt; suffer from; suffer a loss

39. 损坏:damage; destroy; ruin; break down; crash; be broken

40. 修复: repair; rebuild; restore; fix; recover oneself

41. “认识的过程” :feel; sense; guess; suppose; wonder; doubt; know /learn realize understand remember; be familiar with; recall; recite; apply to

42. 认为;判断:think; believe; consider; find; feel; conclude; infer; doubt

43. 想/考虑:think of…as...; think about; consider; think over

44. 支持/反对:agree; disagree; accept; receive; refuse; turn down; be against; elect; vote for/ against

45. 花费:sth/doing sth+cost; sb+spend+ (in) doing sth; sb+afford +n/to do sth ; It +takes/took some time/ money/energy to do sth; sb pay some money for sth.

46. 省/存钱:save /save up; set aside; put away

47. 参加:take part in; join /join in; attend; compete in/ for/against

48. 控告:accuse sb. of; charge sb. with

49. 救治/帮助: help /help out; save /rescue sb from sth.; treat; cure sb. of sth; aid sb in doing sth / to do sth; help sb with sth;assist sb in doing sth

50. 逃避:run away; escape from; flee; hide

51. 阻止/禁止:prevent / keep/ stop sb. from doing sth; forbid doing sth.; ban; prohibit

52. 对付/处理:handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth ; solve; settle

53. 效仿:copy; imitate; learn from; learn

54. 爆发/发生:come about; happen to; take place; break out; burst out; go off; explode

55. 安装/装备:fasten; fix; set; equip; be armed with; be equipped with

56. 追求:pursuit; ran after; seek after; chase; catch up with; keep up with

57. 建议:advise; suggest; recommend; propose; urge; demand; persuade

58. 打算:plan / intend / design to do; be going to do /be about to do /will do

59. 似乎/好象:seem; appear; look like;as if /as though

60. 开办/关闭:open; start; set up; close/close up; end; close down

名词

1. 假期

vacation,holiday,spring break,leave,two days off

2. 旅游

trip,journey, tour,voyage, travel,tourist,passenger

3. 职务人员

clerk,secretary,passer-by friend,minister,manager,waitress,guest,host,hostess,assistant,customer,adult,neighbor,relative,patient,vet,staff,crew,nurse,teacher,conductor,tailor,sailor,inventor,gardener,guard

4. 餐馆/定餐/就餐

inn,restaurant,kitchen,menu,bill,order,tip,fork and knife,reserve /book table,taste delicious,salad,vegetables,fruit,tray,napkin

5. 诊所/看病/服药

clinic,hospital,take one’s temperature,take medicine/pills,have a fever/flu/headache,doctor,physician,surgeon,specialist,patient

6. 车站/机场

airport,on board,miss the train/bus,catch a train,meet sb.

7. 身体部位

arm,head,hair,brain,waist,back,shoulder,pulse,wrist

8. 意志

will,courage,patience,determination,faith,effort,confidence,ambition,energy

9. 才能/品质

talent,gift,ability,potential,intelligent,promising,smart,stupid,careful,proud,strict,honest,cold,serious,easy-going,learned,knowledgeable

10. 优缺点

advantage,disadvantage,strength,weakness,merit,drawback, strong point,shortcoming

11. 目标

aim,goal,intention,purpose,belief,faith

12. 方式

means,method,way,manner,approach

13. 身体素质

strong,weak,pale,sick,ill,well,slim,fit,cut weight,put on weight

14. 图表

photo,picture,graph,drawing,table,line/bar graph, pie chart,draw a sketch (划草图)

15. 文章

reading,translation,essay,poem,paper,novel,fiction article,magazine,newspaper,journal,diary,files

16. 课堂

class,course,lecture,example,reason,message,notes,words,phrase,scholarship,degree,subject,question,trouble,difficulty,grades,comment,marks

17. 学校活动

match,game,activity,hold a meeting /debate /speech/ ceremony

18. 建议/观点

advice,suggestion,idea,proposal,view,recommandation

19. 气候/天气

climate,weather,storm,wind,cloud,rain,snow,hotness,coldness,heat,warmth

20. 交通

by train/bus /boat bike,on the train/bus /a bike,drive a car,ride a bike,give sb. a lift/ride

21. 习惯

habit,custom,practice(惯例)

22. 感觉

sight,hearing,touch,smell,taste,sense

23. 情感

feeling,emotion,anger,delight,sadness,sorrow

24. 财富

money,possessions,wealth,belongings,fortunes,treasure,diamond

25. 运动比赛

playground,track and filed,pitch,event,game,match,sports,player,coach,judge,jogging,weightlifting,volleyball,soccer

形容词和副词

1. immediate adj 立即的,立刻的,马上

2. clear adj 清楚的,清晰的

adj 小心翼翼的

adj 生动的,逼真的

adv ①确切地,精确地②恰好地,正好地③ (用于答语)完全正确。(的确这样)

adv 幸运地

adv 令人惊讶的

adv 几乎不

adv 代替,相反

10. properly adv 适当地;正确地;恰当地

11. specially adv 专门

adj 可靠的,可信赖的

adv 简单地;仅仅,只不过

adv 即,也就是

nearly = far from = nowhere near 远非,远远不,一点也不 adj 耐心的;n 病人

adj 简单的,朴素的

adj 熟悉的

adj 幸运的

adj 令人惊异的

adv ①偶然地;意外地②附带地

adj 沉默的

adj 平静的,冷静的

adj 秘密的

adv 否则

adv 期间,同时

adv 除…..以外还有

adj 高效的,有效的

29. flexible adj 灵活的

adj 复杂的

adj 平稳的,光滑的,顺利的 adv 定期的,有规律的

adj 敏感的,体贴的

adj 诚实的

adj 自信的

adj 害羞的,羞涩的

adj ①深思的,沉思的②富有思想的;经认真推敲的 and optimistic adj 无忧无虑而且非常乐观的

adj 然而

adj 私人的(private cars)

adj 个人的(personal belongings)

adj 唯一的,独一无二的;独特的

adj 赞同的,有利的

adj 宝贵的,珍贵的

adj 必要的,重要的

adj 值得的

adj 身体的,物理的

adj 突然的

adv 仅仅,只 =only

adv 罕见的

adj 极好地,灿烂地

adv 越来越多地

adv 自然地

adj 精确的,准确的

adj 可笑的,荒谬的

adj 紧急的,急迫的

adj 浅的,肤浅的

adv 经常地,频繁地

adv 特别地,尤其地=particularly

adv 显而易见 =apparently

v1.0 可编辑可修改

adv 必要地,必须地,必然地

adv 一般地,通常地

adv 最终,最后

adv 可采用的,可收养的

adj 可以接受的

adj 可利用的,可使用的,可得到的

adj 易接近的,易受影响的,可理解的

adv 相对地,比较地

adv大约

adv 绝对正确地

adj 守时的

adj 温柔的

adv 整洁地

adv 完全地

adv 高度地,非常地

adv 强烈地,坚固地

adv 极端地,非常

adv 合乎情理地

adv 热切地;渴望地

adv 很,非常

adv 稍微,轻微地

adv 平等地

adv 最近

adj 热情的;热烈的;热心的

adj 精力充沛的,有活力的

adj ①喜欢说话的②多嘴的③健谈的

adj 影象深刻的

adj 传统的

adj 实践的,实际的

adj 类似的,相似的

adj 方便的,便利的

or later 迟早,早晚

or less 或多或少,差不多,几乎

in a while 偶尔,时不时地

and then 偶尔,有时

96. willingly adv 情愿地

97. unexpectedly adv 出乎意料地

adv 不情愿地

99. unforgettable adj 难忘的

adj 可疑的;令人生疑的;疑心的;不能确定的101. hardly / scarcely adv 几乎不

102. respectable adj 值得尊敬的

103. respectful adj 恭敬的,有礼貌的

104. distinguished adj 著名的;卓著的;高贵的105. complicated adj 难懂的,复杂的

106. awkward/clumsy adj 尴尬的,笨拙的

107. previous adj 以前的

二. 高中英语完形填空450个高频词组

1. a host of 大量

2. a test for 检测目的

3. a test on 对……进行测试

4. a test with 检测手段

5. above all 最重要的;首先

6. according to 根据

7. achieve equilibrium 取得平衡

8. achieve one's purpose 达到目的

9. achieve success 获得成功

10. achieve victory 获得胜利

11. act on 遵照...行动;作用于

12. act out 表演出来

13. add up to 总计,合计

14. add...to... 把…...加到…...

15. adhere to 坚持,奉行

16. after all 毕竟,终究

17. agree on 对……取得一致意见

18. agree to 同意,赞成

19. agree with sb. 同意某人的话

20. along with 和......一起

21. alternate (with) 交替

22. amount to 合计;共计

23. an equal to 与…(地位)相同的人/物

24. and yet 然而

25. anything but 一点也不

26. anything like 像……那样的东西

27. anywhere near 接近于

28. apart form 除……之外尚有

29. apply to 向……申请;适用于

30. appreciation of 对……的欣赏/赞赏

31. argue against 反对

32. as a result of 作为……的结果;由于

33. as a result 结果;因此

34. as a whole 作为一个整体,整个看来

35. as far as… 就……而言

36. as for 至于,关于

37. as if 好像,仿佛

38. as soon as 一......就......

39. as though 好像,仿佛

40. as to 至于,关于

41. as well 也

42. as yet 迄今,到目前为止

43. aside from 除......之外

44. associate…with… 把……和......联系起来

45. association with 与……的交往/联合

46. at a disadvantage 处于不利地位

47. at a loss 不知所措

48. at a time 每次,一次

49. at all 丝毫,根本

50. at any moment 随时

51. at first 首先,最初

52. at large 未被捕获的,自由行动的,详尽的

53. at last 终于,最终

54. at least 至少

55. at length 最终,详细地

56. at most 最多

57. at no time 从不,决不

58. at one time 曾经

59. at the cost of 以……为代价

60. at the least 至少,无论如何

61. at times 有时,间或

62. at…speed 以……的速度

63. attend on 照顾,侍候

64. attribute…to... 把……归于......

65. back up 后退,支持

66. be based on 基于

67. be able to 能够

68. be about to 正打算

69. be accustomed to 习惯于

70. be associated with 与……有关

71. be aware of 意识到

72. be capable of 有能力做......

73. be caught 遇到,陷入

74. be committed to 被交给,答应承担义务

75. be confined to 限制在,局限于

76. be confined/be restricted 受……限制

77. be dedicated to 奉献,献给

78. be devoted to 献身于/致力于......

79. be directed to 指向,针对

80. be drawn to 被......所吸引

81. be due to 由于

82. be exposed to 暴露在...下,接触...

83. be fond of 喜爱

84. be full of 充满

85. be habitual to(him) 对(他来说)习以为常

86. be in order 合适,恰当

87. be involved in 参与,参加

88. be involved with 涉及,与……有关连

89. be left to 由...来决定,由...来想办法

90. be limited to 限制在...,限定在...

91. be linked to/with 与…连接/有联系

92. be proud of 为...而骄傲

93. be referred to 被提及

94. be related to 与……有关

95. be sick of 厌恶/讨厌...

96. be subject to 经受,遭受

97. be suitable for 适合于

98. be sure of 对...肯定

99. be thrown in 额外赠送

100. be tied by/with 被……捆绑

101. be tied to 束缚于,捆绑于

102. be tired of 厌倦/厌烦...

103. behind time 晚点

104. belief in 对……的真实性或正确性具有的信心105. believe…to be... 相信……是......

106. better than 好于……

107. beyond question 毋庸置疑

108. break away 脱离,逃跑

v1.0 可编辑可修改

109. break down 损坏,分解,瓦解

110. break into 闯入

111. break in 闯入,打断

112. break off 断绝,结束

113. break out 突发,爆发

114. break through 突破

115. break up 结束,打碎

116. bring about 引起,带来

117. bring forward 提出

118. bring out 使出现,公布,出版

119. bring up 提出,养育,呕吐

120. by accident 偶然

121. by all means 无论如何

122. by chance 偶然,意外地

123. by choice 通过选择

124. by contrast 对比之下

125. by means of 用,依靠,借助于

126. by means of 借助于

127. by mistake 错误地

128. by the way 顺便提一下

129. by virtue of 凭借,由于

130. by way of 经由,通过…方式

131. call forth 唤起

132. call for 邀请,要求,需要

133. call off 取消

134. call on/upon 访问,拜访

135. care for 照顾,关心,喜欢

136. carry out 贯彻,执行

137. cast light on sth. 阐明某事

138. catch up with 赶上

139. catch sight of 看见

140. center on 集中在,以...为中心

141. characterized by 以...为特征

142. coincide with 与……相符

143. come from 来自,来源于

144. come off 成功,脱离

145. come on 快点,上演,突然产生

146. come out 出版,出现,结果是

147. come to 等于,结果是,总计,达到148. come under attack 受到打击

149. come under 归入,受到

150. come up 走近,上升,发芽,被提出151. comment on 评论,发表意见

152. commit to 交付,把……投入

153. comply with 遵守,服从

154. conform to 遵守,符合,顺应

155. consist of 由...组成

156. consistent in 在(某方面)一致

157. consistent with 与……一致

158. contribute to 有助于,促进

159. copy out 抄写

160. correlate with 使...与...产生相互关系

161. count on 指望

162. cut away 砍掉

163. cut down 削减

164. cut off 切断,中断

165. cut out 删掉

166. dedicate…to... 奉献

167. depend on 依靠,依赖,取决于

168. die back 枯死

169. die down 逐渐消失,止息

170. die off 相继死去

171. die out 消失,死绝

172. difference in 在……方面的差别

173. do something for/to 改进,增强

174. doubt about 怀疑

175. due to 由于,因为

176. dwell on 详述,细想

177. enter for 报名参加

178. enter into 开始 (谈话,讨论)

179. entertain a proposal 愿意考虑这一建议180. entertain an idea 抱着一种想法

181. even if 即使,虽然

182. even though 即使,虽然

183. ever since 此后一直

184. faithful to 忠心于

185. fall from 从…落下

186. far from 毫不,远非

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