一个主题词汇的作文

雅思写作:

Task 1图表作文

Bar chart, pie chart, line graph, table, process diagram, map 不少于150个字,20分钟

核心:

客观描写图表的趋势,数据支持

Task 2

大作文:时间40分钟,字数250个字:300字左右

出题形式: 情景式作文

情景背景=一段话+1-2个问题

文章的体裁:

Argumentation 议论文:persuade

题目中有两个相反的观点或者立场,支持一个,反对一个

四种提问方式:

Agree or disagree

Think, opinion,

Advantages or disadvantages Discuss

How important is something? Report 报告: inform

问题+原因+后果+建议Argumentation + report + task 1 Argumentation

考查的内容

1.书面表达能力:词汇+语法

语法:

句子的结构

时态

状语从句

定语从句

分词结构做状语或者定语

2.思维能力:critical thinking + logical thinking

Critical thinking: 从正反两个方面找观点

Logical thinking:阐述观点

TR: Task response切题

CC: coherence and cohesion连贯

LR: lexical resources

GR&A: grammar range and accuracy

分为两类:

一个主题词汇的作文

应当分析这个主题词汇的优缺点

Some people believe high school graduates should spend one year working or traveling before they go to college. To what extent do you agree?

两个主题词汇的作文

以分析两个主题的优点为主,缺点为辅

支持事物A的优点,反方是事物B的优点

Some people believe that they should donate their money or other materials to individuals or local communities. Other people believe that they should make donation to national or international charitable organizations. Discuss.

1.一个主题词汇的作文

2.一个主题词汇

3.两个主题词汇的作文

4.Report

5.Task 1(前四种图表)

6.Task 1(流程图地图题)+写一篇作文一个主题词汇的作文:

篇章结构:

1. 背景信息+中心思想

2. 反方观点1+2 (一层因果关系)

3. 自己的观点1+阐述+反驳反方观点

4. 自己的观点2+阐述+反驳反方观点

5. 结论+建议

1.审题:

1)确定主题词汇:名词或者动名词

是题目中核心词汇,我们这篇说的什么事

高频的词汇

I.找出题目背景中的动宾结构Love Dalian

II.把动宾结构变为动名词loving Dalian

III.找出名词the love for Dalian

IV.找出同义词或者上义词dogs and cats, pets, animals

最好找出4-5主题词汇

可以充当主题词汇:由this 或者such a引导:Policy政策, strategy策略, means方式, way, method, approach, tactic, reform改革, new system新制度, tendency趋势, phenomenon现象, experience经历, period时期,

2)确定优缺点: 十个角度

金钱:

挣钱(经济发展economic development / economic prosperity, economic boom),

省钱,

费钱(经济负担impose heavy economic / financial burdens on ___, waste a large amount of fund,消费主义consumerism, lead to an extravagant lifestyle, squander / lavish money on ___)

时间:

节省(提高效率increase the efficiency of ___),

浪费(降低效率lower the efficiency of ___),

消磨kill time(娱乐enrich people’s entertainment)

健康:

有益be beneficial to,

有害be harmful / detrimental to ___, damage, destroy, demolish, disrupt, undermine逐渐破坏, erode侵蚀,逐步破坏, threaten, jeopardize 危害

知识与教育:

开阔视野expand, widen, broaden one’s horizons, visions,

丰富经验enrich one’s experience,

培养技能cultivate / develop one’s skills,

获取信息obtain, acquire, gain access to ___

心理:

成就感sense of accomplishment,achievement

兴趣interests( have interests in ___, lose interests in__, deprive somebody of the interests in ___),

压力impose pressure / stress on, relieve / alleviate the pressure of __,

上瘾be addicted to sth, indulge oneself in sth / doing 情感:

对自己(独立be independent),

对他人(人际交往interpersonal communication/

interaction),

对社会(社会责任感sense of social responsibility)

能力与权力:

有,

没有

环境与资源:

保护污染环境(protect / pollute / contaminate environments),

节约浪费资源(conserve / consume/ waste / exhaust / deplete resources),

设施设备(facilities and equipment不可数)

文化:

保护protect / preserve,

传承inherit,

交流exchange

道德与犯罪

lead somebody astray,

go astray,

break / violate the laws,

corruption腐败, embezzlement 贪污3)确定中心思想

2.开头段:

背景信息+中心思想

背景信息:三个句型:

1)平铺直叙说现象+目的(写出一个具体的但是次要的或者直接的优点)

Many (a great many, plenty of, more and more) _____人或者机构have started to do ______(are planning to do _____, are eager to do ______, are keen on doing _____, are willing / inclined to do _____) in order to do _______.

2)过去分词+by+原因,现象: 过去分词的逻辑主语与主句的主语是一致的

Motivated (stimulated, boosted, encouraged) by the goal (purpose, objective, aim) of doing ______, many ( a

great many, plenty of, more and more) _____have started to do ______(are planning to do _____, are eager to do ______, are keen on doing _____, are willing / inclined to do _____).

3)________主题词汇is widely believed to help / enable somebody to do ________).

中心思想:

句式原则:

1)简洁10-15个单词

2)有标记

与背景信息的过渡:

与背景信息的立场相同(支持):

Personally (as for me), _______________.

与背景信息立场相反(反对):

However, in my opinion, / from my perspective, __________.

3)主谓宾句型,避免主系表结构the Internet is very

necessary

The Internet greatly benefits people’s work and life.

4)尽量的把主题词汇做主语

5)避免否定句,更要避免双重否定

内容原则:

1)Policy原则:should(回答问题)对于题目做出回答,

对于原来的词汇做出改变

2)Fact 原则:强调优缺点

Greatly contribute to ____

Play an active role in ____

Boost, promote, develop ___

Impose negative influences on ____

Influence ___ negatively

Hinder / impede the development of ____

Cause some problems for ___

Pose a barrier to ____

3.反方观点:60-70个字

1)两个层次:层次1:there is no doubt that (undoubtedly,

admittedly, frankly speaking,)_______. 层次2:besides,

________.

划线里面写观点

主题词汇做主语;使用主谓宾句型;

2)适当的加重层次1的语气:

强调句型:在一般现在时肯定句中,把助动词do或者does提出来+动词原形:The Internet does play an important role in people’s daily lives.

He studies very hard.

He does study very hard.

副词:really, truly, genuinely: The Internet is really important in people’s daily lives.

3)一层因果关系:主谓宾+原因目的或者结果

为每个层次准备一个论点和论据

Learning English can help young people find good jobs,

because English is the lingua franca in most multinational companies.

适合于一个段落中列举出2-3个观点

原因:

Due to, because of, as a result of, on account of+名词或者动名词

Because of the bad weather, the meeting was canceled. Because, since +原因状语从句

Because the weather was bad, the meeting was canceled. 结果:

______, so _____.

The weather was bad, so the meeting was canceled.

_______; therefore / hence / thus, _______.

The weather was bad; therefore, the meeting was canceled.

_____, which _______非限定性定语从句(which必须有一个清晰的先行词

Learning English can help young people find good jobs, which attract many of them to study English hard.

______, thus / therefore doing _____.现在分词做伴随状语表示结果

Learning English can help young people find good jobs, therefore attracting many of them to study English hard. 目的:

In order to do, so as to do,

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