研究生英语读写译教程第3单元 杨瑾瑜

Unit 3 GMS & ASEAN

Text A

ADB’s GMS PROGRAM

Word Study

1.degradation v.

(1) 堕落;丢脸

Gambling is always coupled with degradation.

赌博总是与堕落相联系。

(2).植被退化;

Vegetation degradation.

2.inception n. (机构,活动)开业,开始

She has been on the board since its inception two years ago.

自从两年前开业起她就是董事会的成员了。

3.unprecedented adj. 空前的

The air crash caused an unprecedented number of deaths.

这次空难的死亡人数是空前的。

5. subsistence n.

(1) 存活, 生存, 维生之道

Their subsistence comes from the sea.

他们依赖海洋生活。

Their main mode of subsistence is hunting.

他们主要以打猎为生。

(2)自给自足的;仅够自用的

Subsistence agriculture.

自给自足的农业。

6.onset n. (尤指不愉快事情的)开始

The onset of winter.冬天的到来。

The drug must be taken from the onset of the infection.

这种药必须在感染的最初期就开始服用。

7.notably adv.

(1)especially, in particular尤其

A diet low in animal fat protects against potentially fatal diseases, notably diabetes.

低动物脂肪的饮食结构可防止潜在的致命疾病,尤其是糖尿病。

(2)in a way that is striking or remarkable明显地,显著地

[as sub-modifier]Such a statement is notably absent from the government's proposals.

政府提议中显然没有这样的陈述。

8.per capita adv & adj.每人,按人计算(地)的

[as adv.]The state had fewer banks per capita than elsewhere.

按人头计算,该州拥有的银行数要比其他地方少。

[as adj.] Per capita spending. 每人的花费。

9.disparity n. a great difference悬殊;巨大差异

Economic disparities between different regions of the country.

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