高中英语必修五第一单元知识点讲义及习题

必修五Unit1讲义

characteristic n. 特征;特性指某人或某物天生有别于他人的内部特质

Genes determine the characteristics of every living thing.

character (高考三大意思)

1. 表示人的“性格”或“品质”

They are twins but have quite different characters.

It's that kind of courage and determination that makes him such a remarkable character 2. 表示小说或戏剧等中的“人物”或“角色”,是可数名词。如:

Who is the main character in the play?

3. 表示“文字”,指书写符号或印刷符号等,是可数名词。如:

He writes beautiful characters.

Chinese character 汉字

analyse sb's character

build and form one's character

radium n. 镭

painter n. 画家;油漆匠

必修注意:paint做动词两个意思:1. 绘画 2. 粉刷,油漆

put forward 提出;把时钟往前拨,把东西往前移(常忘记的词组)

Who put forward a theory about black holes?

He put forward a new plan.

Put your watch forward; it's five minutes slower.

Why don't you put your chair forward to get a better view?

put down 记下;放下;镇压put out 熄灭

put aside 放在一边;储存;保留put off 推迟;延期

put up;举起;张贴;搭建put on 穿上;上映,上演;增加

put away 收好,整理,归类

The band are hoping to put on a UK show before the end of the year.

I can eat what I want but I never put on weight

We should put aside our differences and discuss the things we have in common

scientific adj. 科学的

conclude vt. & vi. 结束;推断出

conclusion n. 结论;结束

draw a conclusion 提出结论

analyse vt. 分析

infect vt. 传染;感染(病毒,疾病),或者污染(比如说水质被污染不干净了)affect effect 辨析

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