英语句子成分分析

一.句子的成分

组成句子的各个部分叫做句子的成分,即:主语、谓语、表语、宾语、宾语补足语、定语和状语。

主语和谓语是句子的主体部分。

英语句子成分分析

二.句子的类型

英语句子成分分析

英语句子成分分析

一.感叹句

感叹句一般是用来表示说话人的喜怒哀乐,一般用感叹词"what"和"how"引导,

how修饰形容词或副词,what 修饰的中心词是名词。

(一) What 引导的感叹句基本结构:

1. What +a/an+形容词+可数名词(单数)+主语+谓语!(主谓可省)

What a beautiful girl (she is)!

2. What +形容词+可数名词复数(或不可数名词)+主语+谓语!(主谓可省)

What cute puppies (these are)!

What lovely weather (it is)!

(二) How 引导的感叹句基本结构是:

How +形容词/副词+主语+谓语,

How terrifying the experience is! 多么可怕的经历啊!

Lesson 3

表示给予的动词带双宾语

英语中有些动词可以带两个宾语,即直接宾语和间接宾语。直接宾语一般指动作的承受者,间接宾语指动作所指向的人或物(多指人)。这些动词通常是“给予”的意思。

授人以物:He lent me a book. 他借给我一本书。

授物予人:He lent a book to me . 他借了一本书给我。

与to相连的(常有给予的含义):give, take, pass, read, sell, buy, pay, hand, bring, show, promise, offer, owe、

英语句子成分分析

与for相连的(常有给/为某人干某事的意思)

buy 给... 买call 给... 叫choose 给... 挑选cook 给..做饭do 给... 做fetch 给...取来

find 给... 找到leave 给... 剩/留下order 给... 点【菜】get 给... 弄到make 给... 做/煮save 给...存钱keep 给...保存

英语句子成分分析

比较

1. receive: 收到,被动的动作,主观上接受与否不清楚receive/have a letter from sb.

accept: 同意接受This morning I received a bunch of flowers from a boy, but I did accept it.

take: 主动地“拿”“取”I received a beautiful pen from my uncle. My brother took it for me yesterday.

2.center 指事物的中心(如球心)指更准确的中心点,正中心

middle 中间,中部,不如center 精确

3.work for 在...上班/任职强调work I’m working for a school.

work in 强调地点(在哪个地方上班)I am working in the Bosi English school.

work at 上班She works at a department sore.

Lesson 5.

1.in the way 挡路,妨碍

on the way 在路上

in this way 用这种方法

by the way 附带说一句, 顺便问一下

in a way 在某种意义上,在某个方面

2.extra----spare

free time----spare time

you don’t want -----to spare

the room doesn’t use ----spare room

don’t kill---- spare (饶恕)

Lesson 6

knock at: 敲:A begger knocked at my door.

knock sth off 碰掉I knocked the vase off the table and broke it.

knock off 下班He always knocks off at six o’clock.

knock ... off 削价The shop assistant knocked 10% off the bill.

knock over 撞倒 A car knocked the boy over.

knock out 打昏In the fight, the thief knocked the policeman out.

Lesson 7.

put on 穿上take off 脱下give away 赠送,泄露wake up 叫醒

look for 寻找ask for 请求cut off 切掉,砍掉give back 归还

look at 看lift up 拿/提/抬/举起throw away 扔掉,丢弃send away 赶走,开除pull down 拉倒,拆毁make up 化妆,构成,形成

Lesson 8.

1.enter 进入:Everyone stood up when he entered the room.

enter for 参加Everybody enters for the competition.

2.every 复合而成的不定代词为单数

Lesson 9

not any=no

not anyone=no one not anybody=nobody not anything=nothing not anywhere=nowhere

Lesson10

1.made in 表产地It was made in Germany.

made of 表用某种材料制成The teapot is made of silver.

made from 表示用数种材料制成Glass is made from sand and lime.

mad by 表示制造人This cake was mad by my sister.

2.one of my...s = a ... of mine He is one of my friends. He is a friend of mine.

one of her...s = a ... of hers Lily lent me one of her books. She lent me a book of his.

Lesson 11.

1.salary: 每月由公司存入个人账户的薪水(尤指成功人士)

wages: 是以现我形式支付的周薪(尤指手工劳动者)

2.borrow: 借入borrow sth from sb.

lend: 借出lend sth to sb=lend sb sth

3.V+sb to do sth want/help/teach/advise/allow sb to do sth

Lesson 12.

be away 离开be back 回来be out 不在,出去be in 在家

be not in 不在,出去be (all) over 过去了,结束了be on 上映be not up to 不能胜任

set off/set out 出发

set up 建立,创立

Lesson 13 形容词性物主代词,名词性物主代词,人称代词主格,宾格

Lesson 14

1.ask 问(一个问题)

ask for 要求(某样东西)

2.except 后排除的内容与主语往往是同一类的。except用在句首时往往改用except for

except for 后排除的内容与主语往往不是同一类的。The room was very cold except for Jack.

It is a happy day today except for the weather.

apart from 其含义主要依据上下文而定,有时可与except 换在,有时可代替besides.

except 表示“从所提到的人或事物中除去,即从整体中除去一部分”,表示递减的概念,含义是否定的besides 表示“除了...之外,还有.....”指“在整体中加入一部分”表示递加的概念,含义是肯定的

如:We all went except him. 除他之外,我们都去了。(他没有去)

We all went besides him. 除他之外,我们大家也都去了。(他也去了。)

3.which of:哪一个Which of the two do you want?

either of:两者之一Either of them will do. 哪一个都行

neither of:没有一个,两者都不I like neither of them. 我哪一个也不喜欢。

both of:两者都I bought both of them. 这两个我都买了。

all of: 全体

none of:(三个或以上)都不

some of: 一些

Lesson 15

1.nervous: 紧张不安的(事情发生时)

2. office: 办公室

irritable: 易怒的study: 书房

worried: 担心的(为以后的事)desk: 书桌

upset: 不安的(对以前的事)

3.afford:(1)负担得起,买得起Will you buy this car ? I can’t afford it.

(2)经得起,受得住You can’t afford to lose their support.

can’t afford the time没时间, can’t afford to wait 等不起

Lesson 16.

1.police 警察(复数);警察部门,警方(与the 连用)

policeman/policewoman 单指一名警察

traffic police 交通警察

2.pay attention to (思想上)注意

notice (眼睛上)注意

care 关心,在意I don’t care. 我不在乎。

take care of=look after 照顾,照看

3.remind v. 提醒remind sb of sth; remind sb to do sth.

remember v. 记得,记起remember to do sth/ remember doing sth.

Lesson 17

1.形容词排列顺序:大小形状和新老,颜色国籍出(处)材料

a beautiful new black Italian leather jacket

2.as---beacause 由于I cannot come as I am busy.

as---at the time when 在...的时候As I was leaving the house ,the postman brought a letter. as---the thing that 像...一样Do as you are told 叫你怎么做你就怎么做

as---in the position of 担任He works as an engineer.

3.dress 裙子,晚礼服,连衣裙(女式)

suits 套装(男士),(用于某种目的的)服装

costumes (某时期,某国家,某活动,某职业的)衣服,服饰,演出服

Lesson 18

1.give sth back to sb 还回He returned with my bag and gave it back to me.

give in=hand in 上交,呈交Give in your exercise books to me.

give in 屈服,让步He can’t continue fighting. He will soon give in.

give away 赠送I gave away my collection of stamps to the little boy.

give up doing sth. 放弃,抛弃I have given up smoking.

give up smoking 戒烟

give up to 向...投降Three of our officers gave themselves up to the enemy.

2.beside ---next to 在...旁边

besides----in addition to 除了Besides football he plays tennis.

Lesson 19. 动词缩略式

Lesson 20

1.interested&interesting

2. it’s&its

3.realize 意识到I realized he was mad.

understand 懂,明白I don’t understand English.

Lesson 21.

1.drive v. 驾驶He drives his car very badly.

drive sb mad v. 驱使,迫使(某人处于某种状态)Aeroplanes are driving me mad. drive into 驱赶动物The farmer drove the cattle into the field.

驱车进入She drove the car into the garage.

撞上He drove the car in to a lamp-post.

drive back 撵回Our army drove the enemy back.

drive out of 赶出During the war, many people were driving out of their homes.

drive away 赶走, 驱车离开,开车送走The police drove the people away from the spot.

2.home&house

Lesson 22. 后接of, from, in, on 的动词

Lesson 23It&There

Lesson24 复习

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