例：How much is the shirt?
1. Where does the conversation probably take place?
A. On a bus
B. In an elevator
C. In a taxi
2. What will the man do in Edinburgh?
A. Introduce Rosy to Justin
B. Give Justin the medicines
C. Tell Justin his new address
3. What kind of music does the man like?
4. When does the woman start the school year?
A. In March B .In April C. In September
5. Whose advice did the woman follow?
A. The shop assistant’s
B. Her sister’s
C. Her mother’s
6. What are the speakers mainly discussing?
A. Where to buy tickets
B. Where to get a camera
C. Where to park the car
7. Where will the speakers meet?
A. At the market
B. At the camera shop
C. At the sports stadium
8. What does the man have to do now?
A. Make a decision
B. Look for a job
C. Plan a trip
9. What does the woman think of the job in America?
10. When should students meet for the field trip?
A. At 7:00
B. At 7:15
C. At 8:00
11. How will the boy probably get to school today?
A. By taking the bus
B. By taking his mom’s car
C. By taking Mrs. Anderson’s car
12. What is the relationship between George and Billy?
B. Best friends
13. Who often eat at The Knife and Talk?
A. Truck drivers
C. Office workers
14. What does the woman like most in the restaurant?
A. Pop music
B. Pretty waitresses
C. Its quiet environment
15. What does the man say about his favorite restaurant?
A. It serves good food
B. Its tables are pink
C. It was newly opened
16. What does the man have for lunch?
A. Fish pie
17. Which competition is suitable for the listeners?
A. The high level
B. The low level
C. The middle level
18. What is the topic for this year?
19. What are the listeners advised to do to get ideas?
A. Ask Maria for help
B. Read the poem called Rain
C. Borrow books from the library
20. Where will the money be spent on this year?
A. The computers
B. The library
C. The lab
Housekeeping Services---A responsible, professional, experienced housekeeper is needed to take care of all cleaning details of a local business in Angwin. This person will be needed 2 or 3 times per week for about 8 hours per day. Please and an email for additional information and be ready to provide resume and work history. Driver’s license and the ability to life at least 50 pounds are required. Pay will be $20-$25 per hour. To contact them, email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Caregiver Position---looking for a caregiver to help with a 91-year-old woman who lives in Calistoga. She speaks both English and Spanish, but Spanish is her preference. She sleeps quite a bit during the day so there is
time to do housework. She cannot be left alone because she is a fall risk. She walks with a walker on her own. Please call 925-785-8500 if interested.
Worship Music Leader---First Presbyterian Church(FPC) in Napa is looking for someone who will select songs and use media for church services on Sundays. Applicants must be able to commit 8-10 hours per week for service and meetings as well as being available every Sunday from 9:00am to 12:00 pm. The pay is about $18 an hour. Detailed job information will be posted on the Payroll Office’s window. If interested, send your cover letter and resume to David Stoker at email@example.com.
Catering Company---Oak Avenue is a most successful catering company is St. Helena searching for enthusiastic people to join their talented team of chefs and service professionals. Hours are flexible and can work around students’ part-time positions are available for ambitions chefs, bakers, service helpers, and captains. Please send a brief cover letter and resume to Maritza@oakovenuecatering.com or call 707-963-9278 for more information.
21. To work as a housekeeper, one needs to ________.
A. be able to drive
B. be a local in Angwin
C. work about 8 hours per week
D. be able to speak two languages
22. Why does the 91-yar-old woman need to be accompanied?
A. She cannot walk by herself
B. She has a poor memory
C. She has difficulty in sleeping
D. She is likely to fall down
23. Which is the contact number or email address for those who want to become great bakers?
I was recently surfing the Internet when I came across a collection of strange beach photos where everyone had
a cloth wall surrounding their little patch of sand. I had never seen anything like it before, and I was interested in it. So I started searching all sorts of phrases that might throw light on the mystery of Polish beach separators.
I found a site on Poland’s affairs that actually covered this “phenomenon” in details. According to the site, beach separators have been a part of Polish beach-going culture for a long time, but have recently been getting a lot of attention online, after foreign tourists started posting photos on social networks.
Beach separators vary in size according to the size of the group. You’ll see tiny ones only surrounding the space around a single beach towel, and giant ones separating a large part of the beach. They weren’t designed to protect their users from prying(窥探)eyes. It’s no secret that strong winds are very common on the shores of the Baltic Sea, so they were originally meant to allow beach-goers to enjoy sunbathing without having their belongings blown away, or sand blown in their faces.
However, in recent years, people have begun criticizing them. During the summer, beach separators are placed so close to each other that a person can hardly pass between them, let alone find a place to put their own beach towels. This creates a problem for foreign tourists unfamiliar with them, who just want a place to lie down on the sand. And thus they can easily create all kinds of conflicts due to the lack of space. For example, some people leave the beach for hours but leave their separators in place to make sure that their space doesn’t get occupied by someone else.
Having visited a fair number of seaside resorts(度假胜地)across Europe, I admit that I have never seen anything like this before.
24. What attracted the author’s attention according to the first paragraph?
A. Some phrases
B. The cloth walls
C. The sand patches
D. The colorful stones
25. Why did the beach-goes set up separators?
A. To attract other s’ attention
B. To keep themselves in privates
C. To stop winds disturbing them
D. To protect themselves from sunburn
26. What seems to be the problem with beach separators?
A. They cause plenty of garbage
B. They make the beach overcrowded
C. They leave their separators unattended
D. They lead to many crimes against foreigners
27. What’s the author’s purpose of writing this passage?
A. To encourage the local tourism in Poland
B. To introduce a kind of Polish beach culture
C. To discuss the possibilities of solving the beach problem
D. To urge the tourism department to face the beach problem
If you want to be productive, you must complete work. Almost everything we do has many stages to completion and in many situations, you don’t actually create value until you finish the last stage. Farmers can’t sell their grain until it is harvested. Automakers can’t sell cars that have made it 90% of the way through the assembly line(生产线). Most employers aren’t going to pay you for having a degree unless you finished the last class and graduated.
Now all those things require starting, but if you have work in progress, the most valuable thing you can do is to pick something and finish it. Finishing is where you start benefiting from the value you’ve created. I’ve noticed that many successful people aren’t the ones who are the smartest or have the best ideas. They are often the ones who do the best job of taking an idea and completing it. A good idea fully carried out is better than a great idea that never gets completed.
Does this mean you need to finish everything you start? Not necessarily, but if you don’t think something is worth finishing, be honest with yourself and terminate the project. Don’t leave hundreds of half finished efforts lying around physically or mentally acting like you are going to come back and pick them up. If you need to drop something , do so strategically and intentionally. If you’ve put significant effort into a project, you may still benefit from finishing it even if you wouldn’t start it again based on changed circumstances. For example, if you are in your last few months before graduating from college and realize you don’t want to career in what you are majoring in, you probably should go ahead and graduate because there is significant value in having the degree---even if you don’t intend to actually work in that field.
What projects do you have that are currently in progress? Can you find something and finish it?
28. Why do many people become successful according to the author?
A. They are the smartest
B. They have the best ideas
C. They start things smoothly
D. They make ideas fully completed
29. What does the underlined word “terminate” in paragraph 3 mean?
30. According to the author, which of the following is the correct way of creating value?
A. A man decides to finish all he starts to do
B. Farmers hurry to sell their crops before they are ripe
C. A college student chooses to study until he gets his degree
D. A student keeps a half-filled stamp album around for future use
31. What is the best title for the text?
A. Finishing vs. Starting
B. Well Begun is Half Done
C. Planning vs. Performing
D. It is Easier Said than Done
The Australian beach town of Byron Bay has a traffic problem, especially during holidays, when local streets are full of cars. But now it’s changed. The world’s first fully solar-powered train runs on a restored(修复)train line that was out of use for more than a decade.
The solar systems on the roof of the train send power to a set of batteries that replace one engine; the other engine is still in place and can provide backup power in an emergency. As the train brakes, it generates more electricity, like a hybrid car. At a train station, the train can be plugged in to pull more power from solar systems on the platform roof. If there’s a long period without sun---somewhat unlikely in this part of the world---the train can also plug in to get renewable energy from the local electricity supply.
“The large solar systems on the platform roof coupled with the solar systems on the train roof produce more solar energy per day than is required to operate an hourly return service,” says Holmes, development director of the nonprofit Byron Bay Railroad company, which runs the train. With one full charge, the train can make 12 to 15 trips.
Volunteers fully restored the train to its old condition to attract more riders, which should take more cars off city streets of the beach town. The train fits 100 seated passengers, with room for more to stand, and also has a luggage room for bikes and surfboards. A ride costs a little more than $2.
The nonprofits thinks it’s a model that could be replicated (复制)elsewhere. “Our service has had no government support or funding at all, but for this to be replicated or improved upon, the key is for government to work with enterprises on the program.” Holmes says. “Our service provides an example of how the sun’s energy can be used for sustainable transport solutions.”
32. Why is the solar train brought into use in Byron Bay?
A. To attract visitors
B. To reduce traffic
C. To fight pollution
D. To use solar energy
33. Where does the train get energy on sunless days?
A. From its engines
B. From a hybrid car
C. From the platform roof
D. From the local electricity supply
34. How does Holmes feel about solar energy equipment?
A. It is labor-saving
B. It is easily operated
C. It is time-consuming
D. It is power guaranteed
35. What can be inferred about the solar-powered train from the last paragraph?
A. It may be popularized in the future
B. More scientific research should be done about it
C. It could be of little use in solving energy problems.
D. Financial support from the government is badly needed
It can be truly terrifying to fall through ice on a frozen lake. 36 In fact, there is more time to help you survive than you think.
As you first hit the freezing water, you will almost breathe quickly at once. Remember to get control of your breathing and not to move around. 37 This means that it takes about one minute to gain control of your breathing ,ten minutes to move before you get too cold. The final one is to remind you that it will take one hour before you become unconscious.
Take that first minute and fully focus on your breathing. Slow it down, and then look around to see if you can locate the thickest area of ice. When you locate the ice, stretch your arms over the surface, and then begin to flutter-kick(上下打水)until your body becomes horizontal with the surface. 38 .
It is possible that you can live for several hours after passing out. This, however, does require some planning. You only have about 10 minutes before your muscles and nerves become too cold to work. Besides, what if you feel too weal to go on and you cannot get out? 39 The point is to encourage your coat to freeze to the ice, so that if you lose consciousness, you will keep your head out of ice. 40 .
A. It can help to remember the “1-10-1 principle”.
B. However, if you remain calm, it can save your life.
C. Remove any clothing or heavy objects that are weighting you down.
D. Thus you will remain visible for rescue, even if you pass out.
E. Kick hard and use your arms and hands to climb out of the water.
F. Remember that you should always stay off ice that’s only 3 inches.
G. Place your arms over the surface of the ice and remain still.
阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。Brandon and Derek’s mother, Beth Lash, shared a Facebook video on Dec. 25, 2017. It captured the moment when Bandon 41 his card out loud. On Brandon Lash’s 24th birthday, his little brother, Derek, 42 him with a rather large card filled with an even bigger 43 .
“I have always 44 you,” Brandon reads from the front of the card, 45 by this brother.
“I love spending time with you. I’m so 46 I have you for my brother. You have always been there for me, even though I get on your nerves sometimes. You will always have a piece of my heart,”Brandon continues, opening up the 47 .
“And now you will have my 48 , too. We are a 49 match.”Brandon reads, 50 the card to the floor and breaking down into 51 .
Brandon has kidney receives 52 three times a week, and was told that he had been recommended for the transplant list. Unfortunately, his parents are not a match, but 53 , his brother is.
“I can’t believe Derek would 54 so much all this for me,” Brandon tells the publication. “He’s giving me a __55 to have a healthy life again. I 56 can’t believe it’s happening.”
“I 57 seeing him sick and knew something needed to be done to make him healthy again.” Derek adds. “Not only was I the 58 thing to do, but the only thing to do. He’s my brother. We didn’t know 59 he could be on the transplant list, and I knew I just wanted my 60 brother back.”
41. A. read B. sang C. called D. shouted
42. A. provided B. issued C. presented D. supplied
43. A. claim B. award C. smile D. surprise
44. A. taken charge of B. looked up to C. got hold of D. lived up to
45. A. signed B. drawn C. written D. described
46. A. thankful B. satisfied C. awkward D. confused
47. A. paper B. card C. book D. cover
48. A. nerves B. eves C. kidney D. heart
49. A. perfect B. possible C. equal D. friendly
50. A. losing B. dropping C. throwing D. blowing
51. A. screams B. worries C. laughs D. tears
52. A. treatments B. experiments C. directions D. observations
53. A. finally B. possibly C. luckily D. exactly
54. A. advise B. experience C. allow D. sacrifice
55. A. chance B. fortune C. accident D. occasion
56. A. always B. already C. forever D. still
57. A. regretted B. minded C. hated D. opposed
58. A. fair B. right C. normal D. real
59. A. when B. how long C. how much D. while
60. A. lovely B. brave C. honest D. healthy
While 61 (swim), Myles, my four-year-old son had somehow left the kids’area and got into the adults’pool. We ran over and pulled him out of the water, only to see this face blue and body still. He was weak and lifeless.
One person 62 (immediate) contacted the from desk while another called 911. my friend, John Newland and I began to perform CPR(心肺复苏). Though we tried our best, we failed 63 (make)any important progress. Another friend of 64 (I) realized that two off-duty lifeguards, Liz and Alison Manley, were nearby. The sisters, 15 and 18, recently trained by the Red Cross in CPR, took over compression(挤压)and breathing. Alison started compression and Liz gave 65 (instruction). They continued chest compression and rescue breathing, 66 seemed to last for ages. All at once 67 filled my mind were regret and hope. “What kind of a father lets this happen?”“Help, somebody, do anything!” Then it happened. Myles slowly opened one of his eyes and began to cry.
I held him firmly and burst 68 tears. When back home Myles 69 (allow)to get out of bed the next morning.
70 unforgettable the experience was! Without those kind people, my son wouldn’t have been saved!
My mum is a volunteer in a hospital. She brought dinner every Sunday to the people attending their relatives who are in hospital.
One Sunday, Mum asked me to help her with dinner. At the first, I didn’t want to, so in the end she persuaded me to go. Half an hour late ,we arrived. We quickly setup a table and started giving people food. The people serving there were deeply moved and showed our gratefulness. It was amazed to look at people’s face, especially those of children. It made me feel gladly for being there.
That day I realized that the value of life is not only about receiving, but giving as well.
1-5ABCAC 6-10CBACB 11-15CBCCA 16-20ABCBB
21-23ADB 24-27BCBB 28-31DBCA 32-35BDDA
41-45ACDBC 46-50ABCAB 51-55DACDA 56-60DCBAD
61. swimming 62. immediately 63. to make 64. mine 65. instructions
66. which 67. what 68. into 69. was allowed 70. How
My mum is a volunteer in a hospital. She brought dinner every Sunday to the people attending∧their relatives
who are in hospital.
One Sunday, Mum asked me to help her with dinner. At the first, I didn’t want to, so in the end she persuaded me
to go. Half an hour late ,we arrived. We quickly setup a table and started giving people food. The people serving there
later served were deeply moved and showed our gratefulness. It was amazed to look at people’s face, especially those of children.
their amazing faces
It made me feel gladly for being there.
That day I realized that the value of life is not only about receiving, but giving as well.
One possible version:
I read in newspaper today that a “Learn Chinese Cuisine, Enjoy Chinese Foods” Foreigners’ Talent Show will be held in my city Television Station on July 15th. I know you like Chinese cooking, and you are free during that period. I think this is a good chance for you to show your cooking talent, and how well you’ve learned Chinese cooking. If you would like to try, you’ll have to go to the TV station to sign up before the end of June. If there is anything I can do for you, I would be more than glad to help.